As of 2019[update], the city had 71 five star hotels, 61 four star hotels, 1,758 travel agencies, 113 rated tourist attractions, and 34 red tourist attractions. The city is the home of the New Development Bank, a multilateral development bank established by the BRICS states. , As a result of its construction boom during the 1920s and 1930s, Shanghai has among the most Art Deco buildings in the world. Scholars have theorized that this likely reflected the town's economic importance, as opposed to its low political status. Population size may be affected by changes to administrative divisions.  The effect of the policy was significant. 申 (Shēn) or 申城 (Shēnchéng, "Shen City") was an early name originating from Lord Chunshen, a 3rd-century BC nobleman and prime minister of the state of Chu, whose fief included modern Shanghai.  However, Xi Jinping, successor to Hu Jintao as General Secretary and President, was largely an independent leader and took anti-corruption campaigns on both factions.. Each additional kilometer costs CN¥2.5 (US$0.40), or CN¥3.3 (US$0.47) between 11:00 pm and 5:00 am.  The measures involved implementing the 2013 air-cleaning program, establishing a linkage mechanism with the three surrounding provinces, and improving the city's early-warning systems. Danielson, Eric N., Shanghai and the Yangzi Delta, 2004, p. 34. During the Second Sino-Japanese War, the city was the site of the major Battle of Shanghai. Mayor Gong Zheng told a press conference on Wednesday that Shanghai remained the top choice for … , Air pollution in Shanghai is not as severe as in many other Chinese cities, but is still considered substantial by world standards. The earliest occurrence of this name dates from the 11th-century Song dynasty, when there was already a river confluence and a town with this name in the area. Authorities pulled nearly one-third of government vehicles from the roads, while much construction work was halted. , Shanghai also has the world's most extensive bus network, including the world's oldest continuously operating trolleybus system, with 1,575 lines covering a total length of 8,997 km (5,590 mi) by 2019. Sahr Johnny, "Cybercity – Sahr Johnny's Shanghai Dream", Largest cities or municipalities in the People's Republic of China, Globalization and World Cities Research Network, Major National Historical and Cultural Sites (Shanghai), Site of the First National Congress of the Chinese Communist Party, city in the world with the most skyscrapers, General Secretary of the Communist Party of China, List of administrative divisions of Shanghai, List of township-level divisions of Shanghai, Government of the People's Republic of China, International Congress and Convention Association, List of universities and colleges in Shanghai, East China University of Science and Technology, Shanghai University of Finance and Economics, Shanghai International Studies University, Chinese–foreign joint education institutes, China Executive Leadership Academy in Pudong, China Europe International Business School, Program for International Student Assessment, No.  Based on the population of its total administrative area, Shanghai is the second largest of the four municipalities of China, behind Chongqing, but is generally considered the largest Chinese city because the urban population of Chongqing is much smaller. Shanghai base metals fell across the board in overnight trading. "Shanghai Alice Fantasy Ensemble") is a Japanese dōjin game developer.Since 1995, the sole member of the group, Jun'ya "ZUN" Ōta, has independently developed and self-published the Touhou Project, a bullet hell shoot 'em up series, as well as collaborated with other circles to … Shanghai is considered to be the birthplace of Chinese cinema. Weather by month, temperatures and climate table in December for London London: Climatic table and weather throughout the year. According to a 2012 survey, only 13.1% of the city's population belongs to organized religions, including Buddhists with 10.4%, Protestants with 1.9%, Catholics with 0.7%, and other faiths with 0.1% while the remaining 86.9% of the population could be either atheists or involved in worship of nature deities and ancestors or folk religious sects. In 2012, Shanghai began hosting 4 Hours of Shanghai as one round from the inaugural season of the FIA World Endurance Championship. The city was one of five treaty ports forced open to foreign trade after the First Opium War.  As of 2019[update], the Shanghai Stock Exchange had a market capitalization of US$4.02 trillion, making it the largest stock exchange in China and the fourth-largest stock exchange in the world. 4Only administers islands and waters in South China Sea and have no urban core comparable to typical cities in China. cSeparate state-planning cities. Established in 746 (the fifth year of the Tang Tianbao era), it developed into what historically called a "giant town of the Southeast", with thirteen temples and seven pagodas.  His most notable Art Deco buildings include the Park Hotel, the Grand Cinema, and the Paramount. , Shanghai has been described as the "showpiece" of the booming economy of China.  Workers in the city then launched general strikes against imperialism, which became nation-wide protests that gave rise to Chinese nationalism. (2017). 3Prefecture capital status established by Heilongjiang Province and not recognized by Ministry of Civil Affairs. Although its total area is 7,037 square kilometers, ranking the 31st in China, there are over 2,300 thousand people living there, leading to the population density of 3,810 per square kilometer. 华亭[c] (Huátíng) was another early name for Shanghai. Sugar is an important ingredient in Benbang cuisine, especially when used in combination with soy sauce. Under the new People's Republic of China (PRC), Shanghai was one of only three municipalities not merged into neighboring provinces (the others being Beijing and Tianjin). , On 21 September 2017, Shanghai hosted a National Hockey League (NHL) ice hockey exhibition game in an effort to increase fan interest for the 2017–18 NHL season.. Despite rampant redevelopment, the Old City still retains some traditional architecture and designs, such as the Yu Garden, an elaborate Jiangnan style garden. "The West Bank", or "West of the River Pu"), the older part of urban Shanghai on the west bank of the Huangpu River. From 2013 to 2018, more than 3,000 treatment facilities for industrial waste gases were installed, and the city's annual smoke, nitrogen oxide, and sulfur dioxide emission decreased by 65%, 54%, and 95%, respectively.. Sanmao was created to dramatize the chaos created by the Second Sino-Japanese War. aDirect-administered Municipalities. Shanghai is located on an alluvial plain. New home prices in four first-tier cities -- Beijing, Shanghai, Shenzhen and Guangzhou -- rose 0.3 percent month on month in December, compared with a 0.2-percent increase registered in November, according to data from the National Bureau of Statistics.  Shanghai's nominal GDP is projected to reach US$1.3 trillion in 2035 (ranking first in China), making it one of the world's Top 5 major cities in terms of GRP according to a study by Oxford Economics. It measured 10 m (33 ft) high and 5 km (3 mi) in circumference. According to the International Congress and Convention Association, Shanghai hosted 82 international meetings in 2018, a 34% increase from 61 in 2017. However, on some main roads, including all expressways, bicycles and motorcycles are banned.  Skyscrapers outside of Lujiazui include the White Magnolia Plaza in Hongkou, the Shimao International Plaza in Huangpu, and the Shanghai Wheelock Square in Jing'an. , The Songjiang School (淞江派), containing the Huating School (华亭派) founded by Gu Zhengyi, was a small painting school in Shanghai during the Ming and Qing Dynasties. Averages are for Shanghai Hongqiao Airport, which is 9 miles from Shanghai. 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