[12][13] The basic tenet of this philosophy, propounded from the 12th century by the Virashaiva school or Virashaivism, was opposition to the caste system, rejection of the supremacy of the Brahmins, abhorrence to ritual sacrifice, and insistence on Bhakti and the worship of the one God, Shiva. Bangalore has a large number of Catholics as well as Protestant people. Demographics of American Hindus. A Global Hindu Heritage. Many temples were built with chlorite stones or soapstones and the architecture which evolved was called the Hoysala architecture, known for architectural detailing. Nearly 17% population of Karnataka belongs to Lingayat sect. Kerala has three main religions: Hinduism (56%), Islam (25%) and Christianity (19%). Karnataka played a very important role in shaping present day Indian religion and philosophy. He first lived in Tondanur and then moved to Melukote where the Ch… The Advaita Adi Shankara chose Sringeri in Karnataka to establish the first of his four mathas. Stone carvings are a popular tourist attraction and are a source of inspiration for students of art and architecture. This division has both Muslim and Hindu population. Jain influence on literature and philosophy is particularly evident. [2] Udupi, Shringeri, Gokarna and Melukote are well known places of Sanskrit and Vedic learning. [18], During the British Raj the caste classification of the Hindu religion, in their proper hierarchical order, was done in the late 19th century and a publication titled Castes and Tribes of Southern India was published. Fearing persecution from the Tamil CholasRamanujacharya fled Tamil Nadu and came to Karnataka during the rule of the Hoysala dynasty and preached his philosophy from Melukote. It was believed that Allama was incarnate of Lord Shiva and hence he was given the epithet 'Prabhu' which was suffixed to his name. During the invasion by Bahmani Sultanate (Muslim rulers), Harihara was captured and was converted to Islam, thus becoming an outcast among Hindu religionists. The temple, hewn out of rock, comprises two complexes. Several great empires and dynasties have ruled over Karnataka and many of them have contributed richly to the growth of Hinduism, its temple culture and social development. The Western Chalukyas used the In-between style, implying a bridge between Chalukya - Rashtrakuta and Hoysala styles, with the best temples of their style located in the central districts of Gadag district(Lakkundi, Dambal, Sudi, Lakshmeshwar, Gadag), Koppal district(Mahadeva Temple (Itagi), Kuknur), Haveri district (Galaganatha, Chaudayyadanapura, Haveri, Harlahalli, Hangal) and Dharwad District (Annigeri, Kundgol, Tamboor, Chandramouleshwara Temple Unakal Hubli). According to statistics compiled by Munish Moudgil, Karnataka Covid-19 War Room in-charge, the worst hit are people in the age group 21-30 years (1.86 lakh) and 31-40 years (1.85 lakh). With the disintegration of Mughal rule, Hyder Ali and his son Tippu Sultan established their rule over the Mysore area. Karnataka Population 2011 As per details from Census 2011, Karnataka has population of 6.11 Crores, an increase from figure of 5.29 Crore in 2001 census. [12] While Muslims can be found in all districts of Karanataka, Muslims have a stronger presence in:[13][14] Published B-Series Tables related to Population by religious communities, state wise religious communities, UT wise religious communities The Chola rulers of the 11th century constructed the roof of the temple. The Advaita Adi Shankara chose Sringeri in Karnataka to establish the first of his four mathas. The Dvaita Madhvacharya was born in Karnataka. [5] In the 12th century, Lingayatism emerged in northern Karnataka as a protest against the rigidity of the prevailing social and caste system. The Dvaita Madhvacharya, who was from Karnataka, was the chief proponent of Tattvavāda, the "philosophy of reality". Kannada is the official language of Karnataka. Other linguistic minorities in the state are Tulu, Kodava, Konkani, Urdu, Telugu, Marathi, Tamil, Hindi and Malayalam. This period is the beginning of Hindu rock cut architecture, both in stand alone and cave temple idioms, numerous examples of which exist in Pattadakal, Aihole and Badami - (Badami Cave Temples). He first lived in Tondanur and then moved to Melukote where the Cheluvanarayana Swamy Temple and a well-organised matha were built. Although seven of the U.K. returnees have been found to be positive for the new variant of SARS-CoV-2, Karnataka is unlikely to witness a surge beyond what it … Notably, a Twitter handle called ‘True Indology’ was also suspended after its account holder got into a war of words with the IPS officer over the origin of firecrackers. The Bhakti movement, of Hindu origin, is devoted to the worship of Shiva and Vishnu; it had a telling impact on the sociocultural ethos of Karnataka from the 12th century onwards. Karnataka, with a total population of 61,100,000, is one of the major states in South India. Northern Karnataka (especially in the area formerly ruled by the Princely State of Hyderabad) such as Gulbarga, Bidar, Bijapur, Raichur and Dharwad. Their worship is devoted to various forms of Lord Vishnu or Hari. It was created on 1 November 1956, with the passing of the States Reorganisation Act.Karnataka is bordered by the … He was patronized by Hoysala Vishnuvardhana. The Advaita Adi Shankara chose Shringeri in Karnataka to establish the first of his four mathas. The data for 2019 & 2020 is under process and will be updated in few weeks. The Vishishtadvaita Ramanuja, considered a saint in Sri Sampradaya, who fled persecution by the Shaiva Chola dynasty of Tamil Nadu, spent from 1098-1122 in Karnataka. According to the 2011 census, 84.00% of the state's population practices Hinduism. Muslims form approximately 12.91% of the population of Karnataka. The Vishishtadvaita philosopher Ramanuja, considered a saint in Sri Sampradaya, fled from persecution by the Shaiva Chola dynasty of Tamil Nadu, and stayed in Karnataka from 1098–1122. These became forerunners for later period Hindu temples and resulted in the evolution of Hindu medieval temple architecture. Before the start of this movement, the Bhakti tradition had taken deep roots in Tamil Nadu which permeated to Karnataka. The founder of this movement was Naraharitirtha, a devout Madhva follower. Growth of population in Karnataka. It is also here where the current day Dzogchen Monastery and the Dhondeling Tibetan Refugee camps are set up and the Tibetans are very well absorbed in the Kannadiga culture. Watch Queue Queue. [12] The Kalamukha were a sub-sect of the Lakula Sect, who had lot of influence over the people. [6] The Badami Chalukyas spawned the Vesara style of architecture and experimented with several myriad styles with frequent intermixing of Nagara and Dravida concepts. The unique features of this style comprise a central hall linked to three star shaped shrines, and the temple towers are laid in horizontal tiers. Udupi, Shringeri, Gokarna and Melukote are also well known places of Sanskrit and Vedic learning.[3]. As he grew up, he became a valiant warrior and was sent to conquer South India for the Sultanate. They practiced the movement from the 11th century. Jainism had a stronghold in Karnataka in the early medieval period at Shravanabelagola as its most important centre. Muslims also have modestly higher levels of progress in terms of education and wealth in Karnataka (as in the rest of South India) than in states of North India, as they are comparatively given more opportunities than their North Indian counterparts.[15]. Later the Vijayanagar Empire would incorporate all these various styles and create a unique blend called Vijayanagar style, Muslim Population in Karnataka is 78.93 Lakhs (12.92 percent) of total 6.11 Crore. Most of their temples in Karnataka are scattered over northern Karnataka districts. Karnataka’s literacy rate has increased from 66.64 per cent. [20] The historical site of Aihole is where the Chalukya dynasty ruled in the state from 4th-8th century. This Bhakthi cult's propagation was not only worship of Vishnu but also to discard animal sacrifice, stop beliefs in superstitions, discourage caste system, and end the worship of many forms of the deity. The notable Haridasas of that period were Purandaradasa, Vyasaraya, Kanakadasa, Vadiraja, Vijaya Dasa, Jagannatha Dasa, Vasudeva Dasa and Gopala Dasa; many of them became heads of the religious maths founded by Madhva and his disciples. The population of India is divided into several groups based on social, educational, and financial statuses. They abhorred caste system and were emphatic to practice the direct interaction with god and symbolically express it through wearing small linga around their neck signifying their faith. [24], Vijayanagara Empire ("city of victory") was founded by Harihara in 1336. Their religious dogmas are not clear except for some inscriptions which attest to their strong influence in Karnataka. The inscription is in the language of Kadamba Kakusthavarman; the posthumous record is inscribed in Late southern Brahmi script during the reign of Santivarman (450 to 470 AD). The Ligayat or Virashaiva sect were the forerunners in this movement. Jump to navigation Jump to search. [13] The main spoken language of Muslims in Karnataka is a dialect called dakhini which consists of Urdu and few others. On the 10th day of Muharram, a grand feast is held in the villages. This site uses cookies to optimize functionality and give you the best possible experience. Bengaluru; Emphasising on learning the Hindu way of life and adopting ancient practices of wellness, Karnataka Health Minister K Sudhakar said he will bring in policies to introduce a holistic and comprehensive healthcare system in the state. Karnataka doesn't have a very long coastline, but has some of the most beautiful beach… The Joshua Project Progress Scale is an estimate of the progress of church planting among a people group, people cluster, country or language. Karnataka has seen a steady decline in poverty since 1994. The great saint Madhvacharya (1238-1317 AD), proponent of dvaita philosophy and Raghavendra Swami were born here. Karnataka was the birthplace of several notable Hindu movements. [3] The first Tirthankara, Rishabha, is said to have spent his final days in Karnataka. Protestants are the result of British missionaries' work during the British empire in India. They were also opposed to asceticism like the Lingayats. However, there were two sects in this group one who wanted the Sanskrit language to be followed, the Vyasakuta and the Dasakuta. The remaining population follows other religions. [22] Dorasamudra, known as Halebid, was the dynastic capital. [28] The Bhoga Nandeeshwara Temple in Nandi village is one of the oldest temples in Karnataka dating to the 9th century. The architectural style introduced during this period were rock cut architecture in the form of cave temples (chaitya) which comprised an enclosed courtyard called vihara. Even villages that have no Muslim population celebrate the event. The three most important schools of Vedanta Hinduism, Advaita Vedanta, Vishishtadvaita and Dvaita, blossomed in Karnataka. A chance discovery of edicts and several Mauryan relics at Sannati in the Gulbarga district in 1986 has proven that the Krishna river basin was once home to both Mahayana and Theravada Buddhism. The marriage hall was built by the Hoysalas in the 13th century and a wall of the second complex was built by the Vijayanagar kings. Though killed by the British in 1799, Tippu Sultan was one of the only Indian leaders to defeat the British in battle,[11] which made him as an iconic leader among the people in the modern era. [citation needed]. However, an analysis of the Census 2011 religion-wise figures released in August 2015 indicates that the Hindu population in Hyderabad stands at 20.46 lakh, while … Religion in Karnataka has played a very important role in shaping modern Indian religions and philosophy. Buddhism was once popular in Karnataka during the first millennium in places such as Gulbarga and Banavasi. 1. [6] This was to form the basis of the Lingayat faith[7] and its followers, the Lingayats, account for 17% of the total population of 65 million in Karnataka. [14], In Karnataka before the Lingayats' started their bhakthi movement, there was the Kalamukha sect who were worshipers of Shiva. the best examples of which are in the vast open air theater of monuments at Hampi. 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