common tern (sterna hirundo) flying in oban town centre while fishing. Common tern Scientific name: Sterna hirundo Bird family: Gulls and terns UK conservation status: Amber Protected by The Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981 Tennyson, A.J.D. The common tern is a rare vagrant to New Zealand, but is probably an annual visitor that is often over-looked. The name ‘white-fronted’ refers to the ‘frons’ or forehead, where a thin strip of white separates the black cap from the black bill. The New Zealand population has been in decline over the last 40 years. http://www.birdlife.org/datazone/speciesfactsheet.php?id=3270. birds seen well offshore). The difference between a non-breeding common tern and an adult breeding white-fronted tern is that a non-breeding common tern is notably smaller, has a smaller and finer beak, longer legs, and a dark shoulder strap. Tennyson, A.J.D. ; Shaw, P.W. The outer edge of the first primary has a narrow black or brownish-black band. The Antarctic Tern is a medium-sized tern (length 32-36 cm, wingspan 72-79 cm) with grey body and wings, white rump, a white deeply forked tail, and distinctive black cap that reaches down to the bill. Heather, B.D. The 1-3 (usually 1) eggs are laid in a slight depression on the bare ground without any nesting material. ISBN 0-7136-3960-1. It is mainly a marine species that is seldom found far from the coast. Flight calls (nonbreeding, with whimbrel in background). White-fronted terns are our most common tern and are a joy to watch with their delicate flight and high pitched calls. Adult non-breeding. The bird gallery links to in-depth descriptions of most New Zealand birds. Voice: the main call is a high-pitched siet; a harsh keark or keeahk is uttered by birds defending their nests. Terns Several species of tern migrate to New Zealand each year in small numbers. They nest in dense colonies which provide little protection against predation by introduced mammalian predators such as stoats, ferrets, cats, and rats. Inspired designs on t-shirts, posters, stickers, home decor, and more by independent artists and designers from around the world. The tail is white and forked; the length of the tail and depth of the fork decrease in size outside of the breeding season. The Common Tern is actually common in the northern hemisphere, and is less so in Australia. www.nzbirdsonline.org.nz, Similar species: Common tern, Arctic tern. They occasionally forage up larger Canterbury rivers, but are seldom found far from the coast. The arctic tern has similar coloration to the common tern, but it has an all-red beak and shorter, red legs. The eastern subspecies of the common tern is on its nesting grounds from May to September. Properties Language English Application - is vernacular for Full name ... New Zealand Inventory of Biodiversity Volume 1. It has since been reported almost every year from locations in the North Island; there are also a few South Island records. The White-fronted tern is a medium-sized, long-tailed sea Tern that is common around New Zealand coasts. Rare bird reports in 1991. Voice: Grating and thin It is mainly a marine species that is seldom found far from the coast. common tern (Sterna hirundo), ... New Zealand. Once widespread around the North Island and on the eastern South Island, the New Zealand fairy tern now breeds at only four main nesting sites - … Clark, W.C.; Dawson, E.W. Mainly coastal, but also occurs inland locally. High quality Common Tern gifts and merchandise. White-fronted tern. The white-fronted tern or tara (Sterna striata) is the most common tern living along New Zealand coasts, and on the Chatham and Auckland islands. These wintering terns are frequently seen on the coasts of New South Wales, Victoria and Queensland. http://www.nzbirds.com/birds/whitefrontedtern.html, http://www.birdlife.org/datazone/speciesfactsheet.php?id=3267. Predators or humans entering a colony are repeatedly dived at. 1996. This volume presents over 100 previously unpublished photographs of the three species of common tern in New Zealand: Black-fronted tern, Caspian tern, White-fronted tern. London: Christopher Helm. This volume presents over 100 previously unpublished photographs of the three species of common tern in New Zealand: Black-fronted tern, Caspian tern, White-fronted tern. The bill and feet are red… New Zealand Birds Online. 1980. All orders are custom made and most ship worldwide within 24 hours. The upper parts and upper wings are a pearly grey/white and the neck, underparts and underwings are white. In breeding adults a striking black cap covers the head from forehead to nape, leaving a small white strip across the top of the black beak. Immature birds are similar to non-breeding adults. Vol. The white-fronted tern is the most common tern on the New Zealand coastline, at times occurring in flocks of many hundreds or even thousands of birds. Most of the terns remain in New Zealand during the winter, but in autumn some white-fronted terns, mostly immatures, disperse to south-eastern Australia. Collins,Auckland. White-fronted terns feed on small fish at sea or up rivers. Mills, J.A. The common tern is also similar to the rare Arctic tern, which is smaller, normally has shorter legs, sometimes has a red bill, and has a whiter crown in non-breeding plumage. 2010. Common terns usually associate with white-fronted terns in New Zealand, but are often on the edge of a flock. Ruawai, Northland, March 2015. Forster's tern ( S. forsteri ) breeds in salt and freshwater marshes of the northern prairies, and to a lesser degree along the southern coasts of the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans. Breeding adults have a black cap that extends from the white frontal strip down to the back of neck; non-breeding adults have a reduced cap leaving the forehead white. Caspian Tern: Gull-billed Tern (NZ vagrant) Crested Tern (NZ vagrant) White-fronted Tern: Common Tern: Arctic Tern (NZ vagrant) Antarctic Tern: Little Tern: Fairy Tern: Sooty Tern: Bridled Tern (NZ vagrant) Whiskered Tern (NZ vagrant) White-winged Black Tern (NZ vagrant) Grey Ternlet: Common Noddy (NZ vagrant) Black Noddy: White Tern Sexes are similar but females are slightly smaller. High quality Terns inspired Art Prints by independent artists and designers from around the world. Common terns are normally seen in New Zealand from November to April. The sub-family comprises about 42 species in seven genera. Juveniles are similar to adults in non-breeding plumage but have brown tips to some of their dorsal feathers. Mills, J.A. Handbook of Australian, New Zealand and Antarctic birds. • Beaman, Mark; Madge, Steve; Burn, Hilary; Zetterstrom, Dan (1998). They are the most abundant tern … The common tern was first positively identified in New Zealand only in 1984. ; Davies, S.J.J.F. Common Tern (Sterna hirundo) with prey, flying past the sun, Minsener Oog, East Frisian Islands, Lower Saxony Wadden Sea. The head is capped in black to below the eye, leaving a white area above the bill. oban, argyll. White-fronted terns are common all around New Zealand coasts. Falla, R.A; Sibson, R.B. The New Zealand population has declined markedly over the last 40 years and is currently regarded as At Risk/Declining. A medium sized tern that has an all white body including under wing and forked tail, with grey hues that flow over the upper wing. MacCulloch, A. Photo about Common tern with black bill, migratory visitor to New Zealand. Handbook of Australian, New Zealand and Antarctic birds. The New Zealand bird views series highlights the common birds in New Zealand – the birds we view every day but tend to take for granted because they are always there. Readers Digest complete book of New Zealand birds (ed.Robertson, C.J.R.). New Zealand birding discussion forum. These include the common tern and the Arctic tern, both from the Arctic region, and the little tern and the white-winged black tern from Asia. The common tern is a small to medium-sized tern which has distinct breeding and non-breeding plumages. The pilings of an old bridge in Tauranga are a regular nesting site for a small group and is easily accessible for photography from the footpath on the … Image © Thomas Musson by Thomas Musson. Common terns are gregarious, however most New Zealand records have been of single birds, most of which were associating with white-fronted terns. Geographical variation: Three subspecies are recognised but only the eastern common tern S. h. longipennis has been recorded from New Zealand. The sexes are similar. 1957. In Miskelly, C.M. Breeding plumage adults have a black-tipped red bill, a black cap extending over the nape and crown to the base of the bill; non-breeding adults have a white forehead and fore-crown, black bill and legs, and a variable dark bar on the inner upperwing. At Kaikoura in 1976, of 180 nests, 81% contained one egg and 19% two. Common Tern NZOR Identifier: 9e3cf7a0-6e17-4647-aa63-7b66f26f90cb. In Checklist Committee (OSNZ) 2010. 1966. Guest, R. 1992. Checklist of the birds of New Zealand, Norfolk and Macquarie Islands, and the Ross Dependency, Antarctica (4th edn). A ‘strange’ tern was first spotted by Sav as we scanned the birds roosting at the high tide flock on the end of the spit. In Thai: นกนางนวลแกลบธรรมดา, nok naang-nuan klaep tham-ma-daa Binomial name: Sterna hirundo, Carolus Linnaeus, 1758 The common tern (Sterna hirundo) is a seabird in the family Laridae. 2000 (revised edition). Similar species: the white-fronted tern is easily distinguished from the two other widespread New Zealand tern species (the much larger Caspian tern, and smaller, darker black-fronted tern), but is very similar to the Arctic tern and especially the common tern, which are rare visitors to New Zealand. Breeding occurs mainly on the coast of New Zealand and its outlying islands, Stewart, Chatham, and Auckland Islands, and off northeast Tasmania at Flinders and Cape Barren Islands. Common tern. www.nzbirdsonline.org.nz, Similar species: White-fronted tern, Arctic tern, Antarctic tern. Common tern. Birds in non-breeding plumage have the black cap receded to above their eyes, and have a variable dark ‘cubital bar’ on the inner upperwing. Ornithological Society of New Zealand & Te Papa Press, Wellington. Taranui, the Caspian Tern, Sterna caspia, found in New Zealand Birds' bird gallery section, includes general information about the bird, taxonomy, description, where to find them and other useful and interesting information. Breeding usually occurs in large dense colonies on shingle river beds, sand dunes, stacks and cliffs. The white-fronted tern also known as Tara, Sea Swallow, Black-billed Tern, Kahawai Bird, Southern Tern, or Swallow tail, was first described by Johann Friedrich Gmelin in 1789. New Zealand Journal of Zoology 7: 147-153. White-fronted tern. Pair-bonds are retained from one season to the next. A common tern that hatched in Sweden and was found dead five months later on Stewart Island, New Zealand, must have flown at least 25,000 km (16,000 mi). Eastern common tern Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Calls at breeding colony (southern black-backed gull in background), Flight calls over roosting area (red-billed gulls prominent, shore plover in backround), Calls at breeding colony (some red-billed gull calls), Adults calling at breeding colony (black-backed gull in background). Their name refers to the narrow white band between their black cap and bill. White-fronted terns feed on small and larval fish at sea, in lagoons or up rivers. Pp. Prey (mainly small fish) is normally taken by surface or shallow plunging and occasional dipping. Notornis 7: 65-69. (ed.) The New Zealand bird views series highlights the common birds in New Zealand – the birds we view every day but tend to take for granted because they are always there. There are no diet data from New Zealand. In New Zealand, common terns are mainly found on the coast, but are occasionally found on inland waterways. Their name refers to the narrow white band between their black cap and bill. The best places to spot birds near Auckland. 2013. It is mainly a marine species that is seldom found far from the coast. All orders are custom made and most ship worldwide within 24 hours. This tern is the most common tern on the New Zealand coastline, at times occurring in flocks of many hundreds or even thousands of birds. So there isn’t much contrast with the white cheek. The White-fronted Tern is the most widespread tern in New Zealand. Colonies of nesting terns are vulnerable to disturbance by people and their dogs. The white-fronted tern or tara (Sterna striata) is the most common tern living along New Zealand coasts, and on the Chatham and Auckland islands. Flocks of white-fronted terns feeding over shoals of pelagic fish often attract the attention of fishers wishing to troll for kahawai, giving rise to the tern’s alternative name of kahawai bird. Lari. The name ‘white-fronted’ refers to the ‘frons’ or forehead, where a thin strip of white separates the black cap from the black bill. At sea it frequently feeds in shoaling fish swarms associated with kahawai, gulls and shearwaters. Grey body, black head, red beak and legs . The Terns are an iconic family of New Zealand birds. In the breeding season, the black cap extends from the white frontal strip down to the back of neck, and both sexes may develop a pink flush to the underparts. longipennis), at Manawatu Estuary. Feeding terns dive from 5-10 m above the surface. Some of these mix with flocks of New Zealand’s native white-fronted terns. Image © Thomas Musson by Thomas Musson tomandelaine@xtra.co.nz. Image of bill, longipennis, plumage - 158279792 white fronted tern, Sterna striata, found in New Zealand Birds' bird gallery section, includes general information about the bird, taxonomy, description, where to find them and other useful and interesting information. A field guide to the birds of New Zealand. 1985. A medium-sized tern, pale grey above and white below, with a long white forked-tail, a black cap separated from the long pointed black bill by a white band, and a narrow dark band on the outer edge of the first primary. There are many pelagic records from Australia (i.e. ; Robertson, H.A. Terns tend to arrive at a prospective nesting location only a few days before laying, and there is a high degree of synchronisation of laying within a colony. Around 15 species of terns can be seen on our shores - including both the Antarctic and Arctic Terns, and the rarely seen, ironically named Common Tern. 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