Flood waters wash away property including houses and livestock. Christianity accounts for 3.7%, and other religions like Buddhism, Jainism are less than 1%. The state of Assam is known for Assam tea and Assam silk. In the reign of the Varman king, Bhaskaravarman (c. 600–650 CE), the Chinese traveller Xuanzang visited the region and recorded his travels. Gibbon Books & WWF-India, Guwahati, India, Choudhury, A.U. Apart from houses and livestock being washed away by flood water, bridges, railway tracks and roads are also damaged by the calamity, which causes communication breakdown in many places. Urban centres include Guwahati, one of the 100 fastest growing cities in the world. [citation needed], Assamese language is the main medium in educational institutions but Bengali language is also taught as a major Indian language. Moreover, there are other industries such as jute mill, textile and yarn mills, Assam silk, and silk mills. Assam has Governor Jagdish Mukhi as the head of the state,[2] the unicameral Assam Legislative Assembly of 126 members, and a government led by the Chief Minister of Assam. Assam is perched on a precipice with extremely serious security implications for the country. Print media include Assamese dailies Amar Asom, Asomiya Khobor, Asomiya Pratidin, Dainik Agradoot, Dainik Janambhumi, Dainik Asam, Gana Adhikar, Janasadharan and Niyomiya Barta. at 95–100 °F or 35–38 °C and winter min. Lachit Divas' is celebrated to promote the ideals of Lachit Borphukan – the legendary general of Assam's history. Bridges, railway tracks, and roads are also damaged, harming transportation and communication, and in some years requiring food to be air-dropped to isolated towns. What is the total area of Odisha in census 2011? Bushu Dima or simply Bushu is a major harvest festival of the Dimasa people. Dainik Jugasankha is a Bengali daily with editions from Dibrugarh, Guwahati, Silchar and Kolkata. Assam is remarkably rich in Orchid species and the Foxtail orchid is the state flower of Assam. Complete family details, education etc. (1990). Sarbananda Sonowal, the chief minister of Assam took part in the Lachit Divas celebration at the statue of Lachit Borphukan at Brahmaputra riverfront on 24 November 2017. Tunkhungia Buranji or A History of Assam (1681–1826) 1968 page 207, Barbaruah Hiteswar Ahomar-Din or A History of Assam under the Ahoms 1981 page 318, Barua Gunaviram Assam Buranji or A History of Assam 2008 page 116-117, Gait E.A. [115] The continual illegal entry of people into Assam, mostly from Bangladesh, has caused economic upheaval and social and political unrest. There are several other industries, including a chemical fertiliser plant at Namrup, petrochemical industries in Namrup and Bongaigaon, paper mills at Jagiroad, Hindustan Paper Corporation Ltd. Assam produces more than half of India's tea. The first day of 'rongali bihu' is called 'Goru bihu' (the bihu of the cows), when the cows are taken to the nearby rivers or ponds to be bathed with special care. Durga Puja, a festival introduced and popularised by Bengalis, is widely celebrated across the state. The Manas then became the Ahom-Mughal boundary until the British occupation. He, however, said that madrasas run by private organisations in Assam would not be shut. [citation needed], The state has the largest population of the wild water buffalo in the world. On the other hand, after having strong domestic demand, and with 1.5 million hectares of inland water bodies, numerous rivers and 165 varieties of fishes,[172] fishing is still in its traditional form and production is not self-sufficient. The arrangement lasted till 1838 and thereafter the British gradually annexed the entire region. Here the first category is before Aryans came to the land and the 2nd category is after Aryans came to the land. Assam Province was one among the major eight provinces of British India. [133][134], Unemployment is a chronic problem in Assam. Moreover, great hospitality and bamboo culture are common. Christmas is observed with great merriment by Christians of various denominations, including Catholics and Protestants, throughout Assam. In some junior basic and higher secondary schools and colleges, Nepali teachers and lecturers are appointed. Initially, Assam was made a part of the Bengal Presidency, then in 1906 it was made a part of Eastern Bengal and Assam province, and in 1912 it was reconstituted into a chief commissioners' province. The local governance system is organised under the jila-parishad (District Panchayat) for a district, panchayat for group of or individual rural areas and under the urban local bodies for the towns and cities. The Chutiya (1187–1673 CE), a Bodo-Kachari group by origin, held the regions on both the banks of Brahmaputra with its domain in the area eastwards from Vishwanath (north bank) and Buridihing (south bank), in Upper Assam and in the state of Arunachal Pradesh. The BJP leader also said that the state has begun drafting legislation which will become mandatory for all marriages. The remains discovered in Daparvatiya (Doporboteeya) archaeological site with a beautiful doorframe in Tezpur are identified as the best examples of artwork in ancient Assam with influence of Sarnath School of Art of the late Gupta period. Until the early 1500s, the Ahoms ruled a small kingdom in Sibsagar district and suddenly expanded during King Suhungmung's rule taking advantage of weakening rule of Chutia and Dimasa kingdoms. Problems with the imported Han Chinese labourers from China and hostility from native Assamese resulted in the migration of forced labourers from central and eastern parts of India. Pandit Sujeet Maharaj | Astrologer . The economy of Assam today represents a unique juxtaposition of backwardness amidst plenty. To facilitate border trade with Bangladesh, Border Trade Centres have been developed at Sutarkandi and Mankachar. Fatalities are also caused by the natural disaster in many places of the state. The Sylhet District of Assam (excluding the Karimganj subdivision) was given up to East Pakistan, which later became Bangladesh. [53][56] The climate is characterised by heavy monsoon downpours reducing summer temperatures and affecting foggy nights and mornings in winters, frequent during the afternoons. (2010)The vanishing herds : the wild water buffalo. The presence of Voiceless velar fricative in Assamese makes it a unique among other similar Indo-Aryan languages. Many source-cultures of the Assamese cultural-system are still surviving either as sub-systems or as sister entities, e.g. [197][198][199] Sankardeva's Borgeet, Ankia Naat, Bhaona and Satra tradition backed the 15th-16th century Assamese literature. Since c. the 13th century CE, the nerve centre of Ahom polity was upper Assam; the kingdom was gradually extended to the Karatoya River in the 17th or 18th century. Township Area Panchgram, public service broadcasting service stations, "Jagdish Mukhi: Few facts about Assam's new Governor", Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation, "Report of the Commissioner for linguistic minorities: 52nd report (July 2014 to June 2015)", "Govt withdraws Assamese as official language from Barak valley", "Bodoland Territorial Council (BTC) Accord", "Sub-national HDI – Area Database – Global Data Lab", "Census 2011 (Final Data) – Demographic details, Literate Population (Total, Rural & Urban)", "Relics hold clue to missing history – Sunga-Kushana era terracotta artefacts may say if Guwahati existed before 7th century AD", "The Secessionist Insurgency and the Freedom of Minds", "Glimpses of Modern Indian Philately: INDIAN POSTAL CIRCLES", "Guwahati's landscape to change with satellite towns, BRT systems", "Dibrugarh – Roing – Mayudia – Anini Tourist Circuit", "Census of India Website : Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India", "Population Projections for India and States 2001–2026", "centre for development and peace studies", "Muslim-Bodo mistrust exists for many decades – The Times of India", "Assam govt mulls arming Muslims in Bodo areas – The Times of India", "Protest poetry: Assam's Bengali Muslims take a stand", "Assam violence: Four more bodies found, toll rises to 77", "As Tensions in India Turn Deadly, Some Say Officials Ignored Warning Signs", "Population by religion community – 2011", "Census 2011 data rekindles 'demographic invasion' fear in Assam", "Assam Muslim growth is higher in districts away from border", "The Allophonic Variation of the Assamese voiceless velar fricative /x/", "North by Northeast: What explains BJP's stunning win in Assam? Assam TET 2020: Eligibility Criteria Educational Qualification. [114] Though the governments of India and Bangladesh made agreements for the repatriation of certain groups of refugees after the second and third waves, a large presence of refugees and other migrants and their descendants remained in the state. Among the new generation, Zubeen Garg, Jitul Sonowal, Angaraag Mahanta and Joi Barua. Chavang Kut is a post harvesting festival of the Kuki people. (69%) separate themselves provincially, 22 locally and around 3 trans-broadly. [158] In the Sixth Plan period, Assam experienced a negative growth rate of 3.78% when India's was positive at 6%. Irrespective of religion, Indian culture, civilisation, and nationalism will be taught in these converted educational institutions, making Assam the first Indian state to teach on these themes." "Prior to the thirteenth century the present region was called Kāmarūpa or, alternatively, Prāgjyotiṣapur", Lahiri, Nayanjot., "Ahoms also gave Assam and its language their name (. Formation of Goalpara Municipality, 1875. [155] According to the recent estimates,[154] per capita income in Assam has reached ₹6756 (1993–94 constant prices) in 2004–05, which is still much lower than India's. Irrespective of religion, Indian culture, civilisation and nationalism will be taught in these converted educational institutions, making Assam the first Indian state to teach on these themes," Sarma told the media. Every year, flooding from the Brahmaputra and other rivers such as Barak River etc. Khorika is the smoked or fire grilled meat eaten with meals. By. [160] For the past five decades, the tertiary sector has registered the highest growth rates of the other sectors, which even has slowed down in the 1990s than in the 1980s. Muslims celebrate two Eids (Eid ul-Fitr and Eid al-Adha) with much eagerness all over Assam. Assam has three public service broadcasting service stations at Dibrugarh, Guwahati and Silchar. Assamese literature dates back to the composition of Charyapada, and later on works like Saptakanda Ramayana by Madhava Kandali, which is the first translation of the Ramayana into an Indo-Aryan language, contributed to Assamese literature. Naraka's son Bhagadatta became the king, who (it is mentioned in the Mahabharata) fought for the Kauravas in the battle of Kurukshetra with an army of kiratas, chinas and dwellers of the eastern coast. Deusi Bhailo ( Traditional Nepalese songs that are sung during the festival of light " Dipavali, This page was last edited on 9 January 2021, at 22:00. Kaziranga and Manas are both World Heritage Sites. [118], The 1991 census made the changing demographics of border districts more visible. The archaeological sites such as the Madan Kamdev (c. 9th–10th centuries CE) exhibits mass-scale use of lions, dragon-lions and many other figures of demons to show case power and prosperity. [116][117] During the Assam Movement (1979–1985), the All Assam Students Union (AASU) and others demanded that government stop the influx of immigrants and deport those who had already settled. Assam Population 2020: Gender Ratio, Census 2021, Literacy Rate details and information given here. Guwahati: Days after a Bajrang Dal leader in southern Assam’s Barak Valley threatened to beat up Hindus visiting churches on Christmas, he clarified his stance Sunday, saying the outfit may start “awareness initiatives” to dissuade people. [12] Assam is home to the one-horned Indian rhinoceros, along with the wild water buffalo, pygmy hog, tiger and various species of Asiatic birds, and provides one of the last wild habitats for the Asian elephant. Assam Population 2020: Gender Ratio, Census 2021, Literacy Rate details and information given here. In the classical period and up to the 12th century the region east of the Karatoya river, largely congruent to present-day Assam, was called Kamarupa, and alternatively, Pragjyotisha. The state contains Sal tree forests and forest products, much depleted from earlier times. the; Bodo or Karbi or Mishing. Hey! Moreover, there are other important traditional festivals being celebrated every year on different occasions at different places. Assam HS TET 2020- Official Notification. The water levels of the rivers rise because of rainfall resulting in the rivers overflowing their banks and engulfing nearby areas. Ltd., Guwahati, India. [167][168], In Assam among all the productive sectors, agriculture makes the highest contribution to its domestic sectors, accounting for more than a third of Assam's income and employs 69% of workforce. Besides migration caused by displacement, there is also a large and continual unregulated movement between Assam and neighboring regions of Bangladesh with an exceptionally porous border. The districts are Dhubri, Goalpara, Barpeta, Morigaon, Nagaon, Karimganj, Hailakandi, Darrang and Bongaigaon. [65] The 33 administrative districts of Assam are delineated based on geographic features such as rivers, hills, and forests. Assam Finance Minister Himanta Biswa Sarma said religion and income details will have to be disclosed one month before the wedding. Ambari site in Guwahati has revealed Shunga-Kushana era artefacts including flight of stairs and a water tank which may date from 1st century BCE and may be 2,000 years old. Suresh Kant Sharma, Usha Sharma – 2005,"Discovery of North-East India: Geography, History, Culture, ... – Volume 3", Page 248, Davaka (Nowgong) and Kamarupa as separate and submissive friendly kingdoms. According to the board, there are 1.3 crore Muslims in the state, of which 90 lakh are of Bangladeshi origin. A total of six Tai languages were spoken in Assam. [citation needed], The capital, Dispur, contains institutions of higher education for students of the north-eastern region. As per census 2011, Hindu are majority in Assam state. For revenue purposes, the districts are divided into revenue circles and mouzas; for the development projects, the districts are divided into 219 'development-blocks' and for law and order these are divided into 206 police stations or thana. Assam has wildlife sanctuaries, the most prominent of which are two UNESCO World Heritage sites[63]-the Kaziranga National Park, on the bank of the Brahmaputra River, and the Manas Wildlife Sanctuary, near the border with Bhutan. In Guwahati and Digboi, many Jr. basic schools and Jr. high schools are Nepali linguistic and all the teachers are Nepali. 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