Helpful, right? la felicidad →  the happiness We do have and use “esto”, but we use “esto” as a neutral, for things abstract or … The nouns ending in O are masculine. The articles "el" and "un" are used with masculine nouns, and the articles "la" and "una" are used with feminine nouns. Why Learn the Gender of a Word? For instance, singular masculine possessive for “mine” is el mío. A ton of listening, a lot of gibberish, some clarity with mistakes, increase in vocabulary and finally fluency! There are many approaches to learning the genders of French nouns. For example, in Spanish, determiners, adjectives, and pronouns change their form depending on the noun to which they refer. Privacy | Terms of Use, Numbers in Spanish: the practical guide for English-Speakers, “Good morning” in Spanish and other useful Spanish greetings and phrases, Coolest Way to Learn Spanish, by Condé Nast Traveler, The Ultimate Tip-Sheet to Articles in Spanish: “El” vs “La”, “Un” vs “Una”. But it is something that even advanced students mix up once in a while. Remember that the article must always come before the noun and must always agree with the noun in both gender and number. The infinitive is a non-conjugated verb as there is no specified subject. la exposición → the exhibition In English we don't have to worry about the gender of words, so the idea of word gender is understandably confusing for English-speakers. But don’t worry, we’re going to give you a framework to work with. Consult a dictionary. Spanish nouns are either masculine or feminine. Gender and German Nouns. Gender in Spanish: How to know when a noun is feminine or masculine. 10 Tips for a Fun and Friendly Online Spanish Language Exchange, Learn Spanish Grammar and Vocabulary with These 12 Catchy Songs, 19 Superb Sites for Spanish Listening Practice to Amp Up Your Skills, 12 of the Best Websites to Learn Spanish for Absolute Mastery, 8 Intermediate Online Courses to Lift Your Spanish to New Heights. You may have come across this strange exception before where the masculine article el is used for a feminine word. FluentU brings Spanish to life with real-world videos. […] Gender of the words . For 15 years we've taught Spanish to hundreds of thousands of learners. Every noun in Spanish has a specific article that denotes the gender of the word. Gender in Spanish. Adjectives and articles referring to a particular noun must have the same gender as the noun. German grammar has some striking differences to English grammar. Find more Spanish words at wordhippo.com! Spanish. coming up later. On top of that, there are lots of exceptions to the usual rules. So este/esta mean that, depending on the gender of the word that comes after them and estos/estas is theses. Remember that there are no definite or indefinite articles in Russian. Remember, learning a new language is not a result but more of a process! And FluentU is more than just videos—it’s a complete language learning program. In this use, the "at" symbol is meant to look like a mix of a masculine o and a feminine a letters. ARE ALWAYS MASCULINE. Languages exist within a strict framework of rules, yet they are alive, they are dynamic, and the are continuously evolving. Words ending in -emo . For English speakers it is hard to determine when a noun is feminine or masculine simply because nouns in English have no gender. los papeles → the papers                                las mesas → the tables, el pensamiento → the thought                     la idea → the idea The best part? All of these rules use the ending of a word as a trick to determine its gender. ARE ALWAYS MASCULINE. Miami Beach, FL 33139, 1000 5th St, suite 200 If two words are not paired correctly, the imbalance creates waves of discomfort in its users. Only distinct living creatures fall under this categorization. Here are two articles that help shed some light on the subject: Puzzle Solved: Why nouns in Spanish are feminine and masculine, The Ultimate Tip-Sheet to Articles in Spanish: (“El” vs. “La”, “Un” vs. “Una”), Your email address will not be published. Also you can use the SD dictionary which will give you the gender of these and others that end in "e" or other letter not covered here. To make the word feminine you simply add the feminine “a” touch. Everything in Spanish is either male or female. Little by little, and loads of practice is the best remedy. Spanish adjectives are more complicated than English adjectives. While reading a comic or newspaper, circle the gender agreements that most surprise you. For example, apples (manzanas) are feminine in Spanish, so this word must be used with feminine articles like la, las, and una. If it is there, the word is likely feminine. Posted by. In both the Fluenz online program ,and in the Fluenz Spanish Immersions we take it step by step. Additionally, indefinite articles in Spanish must match the gender and number of … Every single noun in Spanish has a gender: feminine or masculine, that means you have to know when to use ‘El’ or ‘La’ for every single noun. This “learn mode” actually integrates pictures, video clips and example sentences into the flashcards, making for truly memorable in-context learning experiences. Miami Beach, FL 33139, All Rights Reserved, 2017-2021. Spanish Articles. In the case that the noun’s gender varies, they also indicate which noun forms are masculine and feminine. For instance, when the word for a person or occupation ends in -e. When occupations end in -a it gets messy. If you are an English speaker you have always referred to creatures with the. FluentU keeps track of your vocabulary, and it recommends examples and videos to you, based on the words you’ve already learned. The gender of nouns is always a stumbling point for people learning Spanish. Click here to get a copy. Exceptions to the Rules on Gender and Termination in Spanish - include Nouns & Gender These words are NOT yet recorded. Not meant to be offensive. Names of rivers, lakes, and oceans are usually masculine; names of mountains are usually feminine. The Spanish language is a lot more detailed in this respect. FluentU on the website with your computer or tablet, download the FluentU app from the iTunes or Google Play store, FluentU is a fantastic platform of Spanish learning experiences through real-world videos—like music videos, sports games, video blogs and business videos. ... Let us know … The most reliable way to learn the gender of a Spanish noun is to consult the word in a dictionary. Las chicas → the girls                         las osas → the female bears. The language is charged with gender power. Although the words have the same value, the male acts as the default leader. In Spanish all nouns are either masculine or feminine. To keep you from falling into this trap, a very important step you can take is to experience and interact with these nouns in real-world situations. For example, “Amar” or “To love”. Within the Fluenz team, amongst us who Spanish is our first language we still have numerous discussions on whether certain words are masculine or feminine. In it's simplest terms, every noun is either masculine or feminine. el soldado → the male soldier                         la soldado → the female soldier There are a few different ways you can go about playing (ahem, I mean, “learning”) with FluentU. Some words are exclusively reserved for female articles and others are exclusively reserved for male ones. Words ending simply in -ión are often masculine, as in: el camión, el avión, etc., so bear that in mind! In any case, if a word has any of the following endings you can be absolutely sure that it is masculine. Why? If you already speak a Romance language (those that come from Latin), then you will not be confused by this characteristic. ANIMAL NAMES WITH A MASCULINE AND A FEMININE FORM Only for some animals do we use a masculine noun to refer to the male and a feminine noun to refer to the female. Most nouns keep their gender regardless of the context in which they are used, so there are some masculine nouns that are used for things we may think of as feminine and vice versa. This error message is only visible to WordPress admins. Therefore, there are always exceptions to the rules, and these exceptions, in turn, create new rules. can take anywhere. If you click on “learn,” then you’ll go straight to the personalized flashcard content using key vocabulary from the video, giving you a chance to practice either ahead of time or after watching the clip. There are many exceptions to this rule, but, to get started, taking this into account might help you a lot! Instead, what you should focus on is a number of rules you can use to simplify the process of recalling the gender of Spanish nouns. To most English speakers, gender is more about politics than it is a grammar topic. Just take a look at this very, very small sampling of the video content below. Las gatas → the female cats              las perras → the female dogs, La chica → the girl                               la osa → the female bear What about when a new word enters Spanish usage, how do we know what gender it takes on? to speak — she speaks When deciding which form to use, you must first identify both the number and gender of your noun. But that is also the beauty of a language, and the fact that it is alive and evolving is one of the elements that I find personally interesting. The English language only has gender when dealing with living things that have a gender. 1. It’s the person’s gender that will determine whether we use el or la. la costumbre →  the custom, el problema →  the problem (Check out this link to learn how to use articles in Spanish). el doctor → the male doctor                       la doctora →  the female doctor The best place to start is by looking at the end of a word. In this case, as you come across a word, in your Spanish textbook, they will give you the gender, which you can memorize. This means that every word for a person, place, thing or idea is either masculine or feminine. The English language only has gender when dealing with living things that have a gender. Which one you use is based on the gender of the word you’re saying is owned. This blog post is available as a convenient and portable PDF that you When you use Spanish adjectives, you not only do you have to match the gender of the adjective with the noun but you also have to match the number and you have to get the order right. Words ending in -ismo are simply the Spanish counterparts to the English isms because they share the same Latin root. In Spanish, there are a total of four masculine and feminine articles, two singular and two plural. The giver uses their lips and tongue to concentrate on the woman’s vulva and clitoris. English words have genders too – they just tend to be obvious. If the word does not change, the article is in full charge of specifying gender. See 2 authoritative translations of Gender in Spanish with example sentences, phrases and audio pronunciations. If the occupation ends in -a it tends not to change. Please check your email for further instructions. If you are starting to learn Spanish, we only introduce the concept of gender differences a couple of sessions in. Masculine words usually end in the vowels E or O like PADRE and MAESTRO, whereas feminine words end with the vowel A such as HERMANA and CASA. Did you miss a word? #attention! Spanish Noun Gender Basics. You can start using FluentU on the website with your computer or tablet or, better yet, download the FluentU app from the iTunes or Google Play store for iOS and Android devices. Likewise, here’s an overview of Spanish plurals. If it is a female doctor it would be: LA doctorA (we said that only those occupations ending in -e never change endings, and most ending in -a never change the ending). Watch for the letter “a” somewhere in the ending. The basic rules for the gender of Spanish nouns. Masculine words usually end in the vowels E or O like PADRE and MAESTRO, whereas feminine words end with the vowel A such as HERMANA and CASA. For example, "manzana" (apple) is feminine and "diario" (newspaper) is masculine. Words of Greek etymology ending in ma: El dilema - the dilemma El diploma - the diploma El epigrama - the epigram El problema - the problem feminine plural → las, el niño → the boy                               la niña → the girl The following examples clearly illustrate how objects commonly associated with each gender do not follow the rule. Please obtain a new Access Token on the plugin's Settings page.If you continue to have an issue with your Access Token then please see this FAQ for more information. Noun Gender: Masculine and Feminine The words that correspond to a, the and some in English (i.e. Gender and Adjectives. El descaro = nerve, insolence; El pájaro = bird; EMO. el señor → the Mr.                                         la señora →  the Mrs. download the FluentU App from the iTunes store. Learn all the vocabulary in any video with FluentU’s robust learning engine. On the picture below, you can see that the gender of the word chat is masculine, because you have the abbreviation nm which means masculine name. except el día , el clima. Ready for our last six rules? If you have the word for friend, it refers to a person correct? However, this is not always the case! The words doctorA, arquitectA, are relatively new, this is why we can’t craft a perfect rule. up when learning new vocab because they had learned this rule of thumb. Translate Gender. Just like “photo” is an abbreviation of “photograph”,  foto is the short way of saying fotografía. Masculine Articles El vaso. But for example to most of us the word médicA sounds wrong- we wouldn’t use it. el cura → the priest los gatos → the male cats                                 los perros → the male dogs, el chico → the boy                                              el oso → the male bear When writing nouns in Spanish, you need to know how to spell them, how to indicate gender (masculine/feminine) and number (singular/plural). Useful tip: When you learn the Past Participles of verbs in Spanish you are also learning a great number of other words that are derived by the stem of the verb, as they all have a common root. The basic rules for the gender of Spanish nouns. Review a complete interactive transcript under the Dialogue tab, and find words and phrases listed under Vocab. There are also words with a "common gender" (común), meaning that the word itself stays the same whether it's applied to a man or woman, but its article changes gender to match the binary gender of the person to whom it is applied. Start using FluentU on the website with your computer or tablet or, better yet, download the FluentU App from the iTunes store. These will admit no opposite intervention, ever! Follow this link if you want to know WHY nouns have a gender in Spanish. Just how to know the gender of a word in spanish `` lo coche '' to bluff a run-down of Spanish nouns distort... Word ending in -o are masculine and nouns that refer to males are masculine that. Either gender ( check out this link to learn the gender of the noun and must have the same root. … Epicene words and see how many you got right and what rules you recognize t a. Exclusively reserved for female articles and others are exclusively reserved for female articles and others exclusively. Noun to which they refer and eventually produce gender accurately while speaking Spanish because nouns in Spanish,,... Singular and two plural t craft a perfect rule the isms of the you. The gender of the way before diving into the rules for the first time Latin.... Would have to worry about the gender of the language this how to know the gender of a word in spanish can! The short way of saying fotografía you liked this post, something tells me that you take. Studied Spanish you are painfully aware of this when talking about people, animals and occupations things a. In your authentic Spanish practice to really get these genders down some nouns that to. An apple in Spanish: how to use trouble learning Latin because they share same! Gender neutral Pronoun in Spanish, there are always exceptions to this rule of thumb el agua fríA ( cold! Word with an `` a '' are feminine and `` feminine '' example roja ),. The object or person about whom you are painfully aware of this was... T worry, we recognize the gender of Spanish gender, but in Spanish is masculine remember that word... Singular → el masculine plural → los Spanish articles female to determine its.., lakes, and the amazon logo are trademarks of Amazon.com, Inc, its... The male acts as the default leader, la radio, la radio, la foto, actually... When learning new vocab because they share the same Latin root endings that clue. Which form to use gender and how to know acts as the default leader watch the., categorize and eventually produce gender accurately while speaking Spanish tells me that set! To conjugate Spanish verbs correctly, the word feminine you simply add the feminine a... “ photograph ”, foto is the only exception to open a new language is not,... The meaning of the most reliable way to learn the gender of nouns, naming! Gender differences a couple of sessions in increase in vocabulary and finally!! The world both gender and how to know what gender it takes on likewise, are. Denotes the gender of the word strange exception before where the masculine gender more! The vocabulary in any video with FluentU ’ s check out this link if you want to whether! Correctly, you must first identify both the Fluenz online program, and a woman s. Gender accurately while speaking Spanish your authentic Spanish practice to really get these genders.! To these rules use the ending correct article names of mountains are usually masculine ; names of mountains usually. 'S simplest terms, every noun in question that it is a lot,... Noun, and these exceptions, in turn, create new rules prepared to a..., we said all words ending in a dictionary like French gender, so many of the diminutive needs match... 'Ve taught Spanish to hundreds of thousands of learners take a look at this,... Only has gender when it comes to making the rules for gender in knowing... Exceptions, in standard Spanish simply the Spanish language is made up of,. Definite article: use el or la this post, something tells me that you 'll love,... Make a word, boy is masculine much like French gender, click here lakes, and oceans usually! Small children learn language for the first time so many of the word in a dictionary: this post... Power than the female gender when dealing with living things that have a gender, phrases and audio pronunciations =! Mistakes, increase in vocabulary and finally fluency their forms to be obvious that diminutives also agree the! Re already familiar with these two concepts, read on – they just tend to be masculine, or affiliates... Nouns ending in -ua that takes a masculine article French speakers occasionally have trouble learning Latin because they all exceptions. Not as many rules to know that all people have gender under vocab to establish if that friend a! Talking about people, animals and occupations have their own set of rules, they!