Males enter puberty around 5 years of age, but they don’t reach their full size and maturity until they are around 9. The Elephant Seal Viewing area is located in San Simeon, California, 4.5 miles north of the Hearst Castle entrance on Hwy 1. Take a look below for 25 more fun and weird facts about elephant seals. About Elephant Seals Seals on the sand. Did you know that a group of elephant seals is called a colony while they're on land and a raft when they're in the water? They rely on their stored fat to meet their water and energy needs, so their bodies are programmed to rest as much as possible while on land. They live off their blubber, relying on it to provide water and energy. Your charitable contribution supports our programs. Your charitable contribution supports our programs. These animals are huge when compared with other pinnipeds. Fun Facts. Males can weigh a whopping 3000kg and span over six metres long. These creatures' bodies are adapted to handle deep dives. Jul 9, 2014 - Explore Hanna Shirley's board "Elephant seal" on Pinterest. On occasion, a broken jaw or blinded eye may eventually lead to death, because that would impair foraging. There are no trash cans. An adult female seal is called a cow . The amount of carbon monoxide present in the blood of an Elephant seal is similar to a person who smokes 40 cigarettes a day. Other interesting southern elephant seal facts: The southern elephant seal is not only the largest pinniped, but also the largest member of the Carnivora order. Most mammals shed hair year-round, but the elephant seal does it all at once. There are no restrooms at the viewing site, so plan accordingly. The southern elephant seal is the largest species of seal on the planet. At that point, they are big enough to become serious contenders for beach territory. Fun Facts About Animals Animal Facts Elephant Seal Baby Elephant All About Elephants Small Shark Under The Ocean Animal Science Seal Fun Facts for Kids Easy Science for Kids Seals - The Perfect Swimmer - learn fun facts about animals, the human body, our planet and much more. Please observe these guidelines – they are for the comfort and safety of you and the seals! The northern elephant seal is the second largest seal in the world, after the southern elephant seal. It is a member of the family Phocidae (true seals). An infant seal is called a pup. 17 interesting and fun facts about elephant seals - The harmless sea elephants are currently restoring the population that has been shaken during the active hunt for these animals. They can hold their breath for more than 100 minutes – longer than any other non-cetacean mammal. Yes, there are always some elephant seals here, although they become very sparse by the end of summer. Elephant seals differ from many other pinniped species, both in appearance and behavior. The elephant seal’s big nose is a secondary sexual characteristic indicating physical and sexual maturity. However, overcrowding or failure to successfully wean a pup can prompt them to move to another rookery. Males are 5 to 6 time larger than females. One is the Northern elephant seal and the other is the Southern elephant seal, the latter being larger then its northern relative. The pups go from 60 to 80 pounds at birth to 250 to 330 pounds at weaning, quadrupling their birth weight. 6. Follow Friends of the Elephant Seal on our social channels for up-to-the-minute updates and images from the rookery. Elephant seals don't mind the cold water because their bodies are covered in thick skin and full of blubber. Here are five interesting facts about them: Southern elephant seals are massive animals. Follow Friends of the Elephant Seal on our social channels for up-to-the-minute updates and images from the rookery. The northern elephant seal (Mirounga angustirostris)! While resting on the beach, the seals fast (don’t eat), living off their blubber. Pups are 3 to 4 feet (1 m) long at birth and weigh about 70 pounds (32 kg). Females are a lot smaller and can weigh The length is measured at 4 feet. Their heart rate slows from 100+ beats per minute to around 40 beats per minute. Enormous & Big Mammals! The northern elephant seal is the second largest seal in the world, after the southern elephant seal. Seal color depends on gender, age, and season. Elephant seals eat other aquatic creatures such as eels, rays, fish, crustaceans, squid, penguins, and other creatures. Females tend to dive a bit deeper due to their prey source. The length is measured at 4 feet. The females look for food in the open seas while males look for food at the floor of the ocean. Length: Males typically 4.5m - … Each year, elephant seals molt the skin and fur above the blubber. Fact 36: Elephant seals have what is called “smoker’s blood”. In 2000, in Gisborne, New Zealand, there was an elephant seal that attacked anything that was too close or on his area, like cars, boat trailers, trees, and trash bins. Elephant seals are shielded from extreme cold more by their blubber than by fur. Southern elephant seals are the largest species of seal on the planet and a highlight among Antarctica cruise wildlife. The number of seals at the rookery peaks three times during the year: in late January when most births have occurred, around the first of May at the peak of the juvenile/adult female molt, and in late October during the fall or juvenile haul-out. Elephant seal can be grey, light or dark brown or tan-colored, depending on the age, gender and season. The Piedras Blancas Rookery was populated from San Miguel Island, San Nicolas Island, and Ano Nuevo. Northern elephant seals spend much of the year—generally about 9 months—in the ocean. While resting on the beach, the seals fast (don’t eat), living off their blubber. Here is a link to our locations. Elephant seals are protected by federal law. The males can grow to be 20 feet long and weigh over 8,000 pounds, which is more than the average pickup truck weighs. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. The females are much smaller at about 9 to 12 feet (2.5 to 4 m) in length and weigh 900 to 1,800 pounds (400 to 800 kg). They began coming here in 1990. Seal Facts For Kids - Complete Knowledge Dite, Species, Habitat, Size and Much More - Duration: 3:34. Elephant seals dive to 1,550 m (5,090 ft) beneath the ocean’s surface, though the average depth of their dives is about 300 to 600 m (980 to 1,970 ft), typically for around 20 minutes for females and 60 minutes for males. Females normally begin reproducing around age, 4 although some may begin as young as 3 or as old as 6. The rocky areas in the shallow waters provide the weaned pups some protection from breakers while they are learning to swim. Elephant seals are shielded from cold by their blubber, much more than by … Facts The southern elephant seal (Mirounga leonina) is the largest species of seal in the world. Elephant seals can dive up to 4,900 feet deep and Time to mate! Their small front flippers steer them from location to location and their long back flippers move them along. Male elephant seals weigh as much as a small truck or cargo van. Copyright © Friends of the Elephant Seal | 2020 All rights reserved. – Elephant seals … Their bodies are designed to keep warm in cold water. For them, as for other young male mammals, this is playing rather than fighting. There is a thick blubber layer beneath the skin to insulate the animals in cold water. Be among the first to receive updates, photos, events and more about the Piedras Blancas northern elephant seal colony. The annual cycle begins in November with the arrival of mature males at the end of the month. Females in deep water are most likely to eat lanternfish, hake and ragfish and squid to a lesser extent. Elephant seals are the largest seals, exceeding the walrus in size. As compare to other seals, they are much larger in size. Females and juveniles of both sexes spend 10 months at sea. Southern elephant seals have a thick layer of blubber that sustains them during the breeding season as they do not feed during this time. Elephant seals differ from many other pinniped species, both in appearance and behavior. They become physically mature and stop growing in length at age 6. The northern elephant seal (Mirounga angustirostris)! If you continue browsing, we take that to mean that you accept their use. This annual month long process of shedding their entire outer layer of skin and hair is called a catastrophic molt. 2. They normally dive 1,000 to 2,000 feet but can go down as deep as 5,000 feet. It is illegal to touch, throw things or cause a reaction from any marine mammal. Rarely. Keep dogs on a leash and well away from the seals. Some males never are able to win sufficient fights to get land and a harem. All seals share some general physical characteristics. At the peak of the breeding season around 90% of the adult males have fresh wounds obtained from combat. Six illuminating southern elephant seal facts. Elephant seal rookery in early December (left), and late January (right). An Elephant seal pup weighs around 32 kg and nurses for about 26 days after birth. Seals range greatly in size, from the gargantuan southern elephant seal, which can weigh more than a pickup truck, to the relatively slender, 100-pound Baikal seal. By the end of lactation, the fat content reaches 65% and has the consistency of mayonnaise. The Friends of the Elephant Seal does not share your personal information with outside advertisers or other organizations. The northern elephant seal is found in California while the southern elephant seal lives in sub-Antarctic waters and are the species you may see on our many trips around the region. Adult females are almost twice the size of males. Here's some other interesting and fun facts about southern elephant seals. Quick facts about the world's second largest seal! Elephant seals are great at holding their breath and can remain submerged for up to two hours straight. Adult and sub-adult males spend 8 to 9 months at sea. Elephants Facts for Kids. Only 30% of pups, male and female, live to be 4 years old. Southern elephant seal facts, pictures, information & video for kids & adults. This is a “pack in- pack out” site. They do this  24 hours a day, 7 days a week. Much more agile in their ocean environment, an elephant seal moves on land with considerable effort, by using its front flippers and belly. Before diving, they exhale. If you witness someone harassing a marine animal, call 1.805.927.2068. Distribution and abundance Southern elephant seals have a circumpolar distribution and visit sub-Antarctic islands to breed (September–November) and to moult their hair and skin (January to April). Southern elephant seal males typically reaching a length of 5 m (16 ft) and a weight of 3,000 kg (6,600 lb), and are much larger than the adult females, with some exceptionally large males reaching up to 6 m (20 ft) in length and weighing 4,000 kg (8,800 lb); females typically measure about 3 m (10 ft) and 900 kg (2,000 lb). Elephant seal, also called sea elephant, either of the two largest pinnipeds (aquatic mammals of the suborder Pinnipedia): the northern elephant seal (species Mirounga angustirostris), now found mainly on coastal islands off California and Baja California; or the southern elephant seal (M. leonina), found throughout sub-Antarctic regions. The pressure actually deflates their lungs completely. Human milk is 2 to 4% fat, cow’s milk 3 to 6%. See more ideas about elephant seal, elephant, sea lion. Interesting Elephant seal Facts: Elephant seal can reach 10 to 20 feet in length and 2000 to 8800 pounds of weight. Visit the Piedras Blancas rookery! The southern elephant seal is my favourite type of seal, so I thought that I would share what I know about them. The species’ diet consists of deep-dwelling animals such as rays, skates, octopus, large fish, and squid, hence the deep diving! In order to dive so deep and stay down in the cold ocean so long, the elephant seals have had to make a number of adaptations. Northern elephant seal facts! Seal produce milk with 50% fats. Elephant Seals Facts, Macquarie Island Beach Lion Photos. That’s five times heavier than a grizzly bear! Adult females are 9 to 12 feet in length and weigh between 900 and 1800 pounds. The Privacy policy on this site provides further information. Can you see how the elephant seal got its name? 1) An adult male Elephant seal can weigh up to five tonnes and measure up to six and a half metres! Smallest seal is Galapagos fur seal that has 4 Males have an opening for the penis, between the navel indentation and their pelvis. The large males, those with the big noses that give elephant seals their names, are only on the beach in July-August to molt and in December-March for the birthing and mating seasons. • Male elephant seals are called bulls. 2) The gestation period for a female Elephant seal is 9 months. In order to get healthy new skin, elephant seals need to spend about a month on the beach so that their blood can circulate continuously to the skin without an excessive loss of body heat. Southern elephants are the largest of all seals. KidsGrids 270 views When these rookeries became too crowded, they began colonizing mainland beaches. 1) There are three different species of elephant – the African Savannah elephant, the African Forest elephant and the Asian elephant. These confrontations are often bloody, but rarely result in serious injury to either bull. Elephant Seal (genus Mirounga) is large aquatic mammal residing in sub-Antarctic regions. The number of females in a harem varies according to the topography of the beach. Please check the Plan Your Visit page on this website for more information. The dunes and other bluff areas outside the fences or ropes are home to protected native plants and animals. The two species of elephant seals are southern elephant (Mirounga leonina) and northern elephant (Mirounga angustirostris) seals. Adults are dark brown or gray. Elephant seals belong to the group of true seals. 1. The young Elephant seals are resting on the beach of Carcass Island, the Falkland Islands. A male elephant seal is called a bull and will mate with many female elephant seals, or cows, in one season. Cool facts. Three species are currently recognised: the African bush elephant, the African forest elephant, and the Asian elephant. Males can live to 14; females into their 20’s. As the elephant seals rebounded from near-extinction, they first re-established colonies on the islands off the shore of Baja California and California. The adult males are an exception – they are here one month in the summer and around three months in winter. Piedras Blancas is the largest mainland rookery and the only one with easy access from a highway. Females are smaller and weigh around 7 – 800 kg. During apnea, their heart rate decreases. Southern Elephant Seal Facts. Interesting Elephant seal Facts: Elephant seal can reach 10 to 20 feet in length and 2000 to 8800 pounds of weight. (GA images) Thought to be extinct in the northern hemisphere by the end of the 1800s, due to heavy predation by sealers for hundreds of years, a small group of northern elephant seals was discovered on Guadalupe Island (off Mexico) in the 1880s. Be among the first to receive updates, photos, events and more about the Piedras Blancas northern elephant seal colony. Elephant Facts Elephant Seal Animal Quiz Animal Facts Fun Facts About Elephants Antartica Chilena Monterey Bay Aquarium Wal Weird Creatures Earless Seals (Phocidae Family - True Seals) Example #8: Northern Elephant Seal (Mirounga angustirostris). The Friends of the Elephant Seal does not share your personal information with outside advertisers or other organizations. Adult males are 14 to 16 feet (4 to 5 m) in length and 4,000 to 5,000 pounds (1,400 to 2,300 kg) in weight. People frequently think the seals on the beach are dead because they aren’t moving or breathing. They get their name … See more ideas about Elephant seal, Elephant, Sea lion. Once at the Center, veterinarians found that 9-month-old Bilbo had a fractured jaw and a fractured right front flipper, in addition to the wounds on his back, shoulder and neck. Elephant seal can be grey, light or dark brown or tan-colored, depending Six illuminating southern elephant seal facts Southern elephant seals can travel up to 33,800 km (21,000 miles) per year, the longest known migration for any mammal. Large males are 14 to 16 feet in length and weigh 3,000 to 5,000 pounds. Elephant seals were hunted to the brink of extinction by the end of the 19th century. The maximum lifespan of male seals is 14 years; females may live to be over 20. Males are 5 to 6 time larger than females. 2) Elephants are the world’s largest land animal! Also known as sea elephants, elephant seals (genus Mirounga) are large aquatic mammals residing in sub-Antarctic regions. They are dark grey immediately after moulting, fading through the year to a rusty greyish brown. The seals do this the entire time they are at sea so they actually spend about 90% of their time at sea underwater. Therefore the Elephant seal is one of the largest members of the order Carnivora. Northern elephant seal facts! 1. Elephant Seal Facts for Kids. Also known as sea elephants, elephant seals (genus Mirounga) are large aquatic mammals residing in sub-Antarctic regions. One studyeven recorded a female elephant seal diving to 5,700 feet on multiple occasions. While there are many bottom dwelling creatures on the shelf – fish, crab, octopus for example – tracking data indicate that the seals forage near the edge of the shelf, feeding most often on the slope. Most mortality occurs at sea. southern Elephant Seal Basics Weight: Males range 1,500 - 3,000 kg, up to 3,700 kg (8,150 lb,) / females average 350 - 600 kg.up to 800 kg (1,800 lb.) The kelp forests, which are not far off shore, and the shallowness of the sea bed could help the seals avoid predation since shark attacks are more common in deeper water. While they are ashore for birthing and breeding, the females will lose 30 to 40 percent of their body mass. It starts to grow when they enter puberty at about age five and, by the time they are nine, their nose is over 2 feet long. Elephant seals get their names from the appearance of mature males, who are not only enormous, but also develop pendulous, trunk-like noses. Find answers to the most common questions about the elephant seals at the Piedras Blancas Rookery. Elephant seals take their name from the large proboscis of the adult male (bull), which resembles an elephant’s trunk. Seal species cover a wide range of sizes with the smallest being the 4 foot Baikal seal, and the largest being the gigantic Southern elephant seal. The largest known bull elephant seal was 6.7 metres in length and weighed 3400 kilograms (about four tons). The elephant seals do not eat while they are at the rookery. The sensory abilities provided by their whisker and their eyesight assist them in finding food. Apnea can last as little as 8 minutes in weaners and up to 25 minutes in adult males. THEY MAINLY EAT SQUID. Their lungs have cartilage ribbing in them, which allow them to spring back and inflate upon coming to the surface. Elephant facts. Elephant Seal Facts for Kids Facebook Twitter ReddIt Pinterest WhatsApp Elephant seals belong to the group of true seals. Each elephant seal normally comes to the rookery twice a year for about a month each time. The seal has a large body, short front flippers with nails, and webbed hind flippers. Copyright © Friends of the Elephant Seal | 2020 All rights reserved. They can cover 60 miles a day when they head out to sea. Fortunately, they have The prime breeding age is between 9 and 12. During the breeding season, bulls battle each other for the right to breed with the females. As compare to other seals, they are much larger in size. What prey is there in large quantity is unknown. At the start of lactation, the fat content is lower and the water content higher. Facts about Elephant Seals 7: the weight of baby elephant seal The weight of the baby elephant seals can reach the weight of 80 pounds. Empty lungs allow them to dive with little effort, and without developing the bends. Related Video . They are usually underwater, diving to depths of about 1,000 to 2,500 feet for 20 to 30 minute intervals with only short breaks at the surface. On soft sand they can move faster than most humans when they perceive a threat to themselves or their harem. Much more agile in their ocean environment, an elephant seal moves on land with considerable effort, by using its front flippers and belly. that give elephant seals their names, are only on the beach in July-August to molt and in December-March for the birthing and mating seasons. Most elephant seal rookeries are on islands, with the largest colonies on the Channel Islands. (GA images) Thought to be extinct in the northern hemisphere by the end of the 1800s, due to heavy predation by sealers for hundreds of years, a small group of northern elephant seals was discovered on Guadalupe Island (off Mexico) in the 1880s. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. Northern elephant seals have a diet of mostly squid and fishes, but also rays and sharks. Do not feed the squirrels. Deep Sea Divers – Elephant seals can hold their breath for up to 2 hours. 2. Elephant seals have made a number of adaptations in order to dive so deep and stay down so long. Elephant seals take their name from the large proboscis of the adult male (bull), which resembles an elephant’s trunk. The Privacy policy on this site provides further information. In addition, they sometimes can be seen flipping sand under stressful conditions. Seals range greatly in size, from the gargantuan southern elephant seal, which can weigh more than a pickup truck, to the relatively slender, 100-pound Baikal seal. Elephant seals are shielded from extreme cold more by their blubber than by fur. Before puberty, the only way you can tell is by looking at a seal’s abdomen. Northern elephant seal females and juvenile seals molt during April to May. There is no record of any northern elephant seal having more than one pup. Most mammals shed hair year-round, but the elephant seal does it all at once. There may be as few as 10 and as many as 50 females surrounding an alpha male. The molting process occurs on land, during which time the … Dogs and seals do not mix. They dive for 20 minutes to over an hour, surface and breathe for 2 to 4 minutes and then dive again. The seals may be solitary at sea, but become very social on the beach. Weaners practice at night to learn to swim and dive in preparation for the dark of the ocean depths in which they will feed. Elephant seals like large sandy beaches that do not have a significant human presence. The elephant seal has a number of interesting and distinguishing characteristics. During the time they are ashore they are fasting. Elephant seal rookery in early December (left), and late January (right). Both males and females have navel indentations about 2/3 of the way down their bodies. Pups are 3 to 4 feet long and weigh 60 to 80 pounds at birth. A cow's pregnancy lasts 11 months and produces only one baby, called a pup. In addition, they practice a form of apnea; a breath-holding state. Eight individuals were sighted on the island and scientists killed seven. Their milk is among the richest of any mammal, averaging 55% fat. They spend only brief amounts of time at the surface to rest between dives (2–3 minutes). Their babies gain 3-5 pounds daily thanks to milk. Drones are not permitted in the rookery area. Eight individuals were sighted on the island and scientists killed Deep Sea Divers – Elephant seals can hold their breath for up to 2 hours. You probably think that their large size is why they are called elephant seals, but their name is mostly due to their long noses that look like elephant trunks. Northern elephant seal adult males and young adult males haul out during June to August to molt. The females are much smaller at about 9 to 12 feet (2.5 to 4 m) in length and weigh 900 … Pups need to grow from 60 to 80 pounds at birth up to around 300 pounds in just one month. Fact 16: Generally, seals can hold their breath underwater for 3 minutes, but some species can stay submerged for up to 30 minutes. Elephant seals take their name from the large proboscis of the adult male (bull), which resembles an elephant’s trunk. Remain on the viewing walkways. A male southern elephant seal weighs up to SEVEN times as much as a polar bear! Elephantidae is the only surviving family of the order Proboscidea; … There are viewing walkways at each end of the parking lot, which are part of the California Coastal Trail and are wheelchair accessible. Their trunk-like nose serves two purposes: Males use the proboscis to generate loud roars to fend off other males, and both males and females use it to re-absorb moisture during their mating fasts. The seal mainly feeds on fish and squid. They spend most of their lives at sea foraging off the coast of Alaska in the Aleutian Islands. Large males, who fast for 3 months during the breeding season, will also lose about a third of their body weight. The southern elephant seal is the largest species of seal on the planet. Elephants are known for their large ears, tusks made of ivory and their trunks – which are actually a fusion of their nose and upper lip. The males use their big nose… Their favorite foods vary by their foraging locations. The elephant seal has a number of interesting and distinguishing characteristics. Saturday Fun Fact: Elephant seals are adapted to life in the marine environment. Elephant seals are very seldom injured in this activity. Males and females hunt differently. The younger males, often seen sparring either on the beach or in the shallow waters offshore, are learning how to fight. Plan your Visit page on this site provides further information humans prey on seals lion photos normally 1,000... This 24 hours a day, 7 days a week breath-holding State less is known about feeding opportunities along continental! May focus on bottom-dwelling skates, rays, fish, crustaceans, squid penguins! To conserve both water and energy seals take their name from the rookery as a part of California... Times as much as a sunscreen seal on our social channels for up-to-the-minute updates images... M ) long at birth up to 33,800 km ( 21,000 miles per! May focus on bottom-dwelling skates, rays, squid, penguins, and other bluff outside! Relying on it to provide water and energy octopuses, eels, rays, fish,,! Will lose 30 to 40 percent of their lives in the world can hold their breath for up to tones. And will mate with many female elephant seals are smaller and weigh 8,000... The arrival of mature males at the end of the elephant seal does not share your personal information outside... Spend only brief amounts of time at sea underwater over six metres long nurses about..., species, both in appearance and behavior to 330 pounds at birth to 250 330... Compared with other pinnipeds but the elephant seal colony San Simeon, California, 4.5 miles north of the existing!, so Plan accordingly pictures, information & Video for Kids & adults waters offshore, are learning to.! Be regrown by blood vessels reaching through the year to a person who smokes 40 cigarettes day... Move to another rookery 2,000 feet but can go down as deep as feet... 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