In your classroom you should really only have groups of 4 students. It could be assembling a strut for a stress test in an architecture class. Once everyone in the group has written down their ideas, they can pass their paper to the left or right and then discuss all the ideas. Cooperative learning is a technique that allows students to learn from each other and gain important interpersonal skills. A digital curriculum is an entire system of teaching, grading, and assessing your students that comes packed with incredible features like automatic grading and pre-made materials. Plus, get practice tests, quizzes, and personalized coaching to help you In a meta-analysis of 122 research studies from 1924 to 1980 that compared cooperation, competition and individualistic learning, Johnson and Johnson (1988) found that cooperative learning (CL) promotes higher achievement than competitive or individualistic learning. I think 4 is a wonderful group size, perfect to pair off or work as a whole group. - Definition & Strategies, Westward Expansion for Kids: Definition & Timeline, Designing & Managing the 21st Century Classroom, Action-Based Learning: Concept & Activities, Using the ADDIE Model in Instructional Design, What is Early Childhood Intervention? When you are finished with this lesson, you will be confident in your ability to: To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member. These structures involve five key elements which can be implemented in a variety of ways. Students have heard the conceptual details of what they’re learning, and now they can apply those to a group activity. Like any learning strategy, it’s completely up to you how you want to use cooperative learning in your classroom. Regardless, the experience of working socially can help students with soft skills, which is a nice bonus to cooperative learning in general. Cooperative learning is fun, so students enjoy it and are more motivated. The Cons of Cooperative Learning. Study.com has thousands of articles about every In that regard, cooperative learning is a great way to add some more diversity to your teaching to ensure students can learn the ways that work best for them. More importantly, can cooperative learning work in a career and technical education (CTE) setting? Cooperative learning is just one part of a well-rounded and diverse classroom experience. 312 East Walnut St. Suite 200 Cooperative learning is based on group work, but it’s also so much more than that. Get access risk-free for 30 days, For example, groups may be comprised of four to five students, which include two or three average students, one below average student, and one student who is above average. … There are also different types of cooperative … That way, you constantly have another strategy in the hopper for whenever your students wrap up one activity and move onto the next! Student two might add chemical one to the Petri dish. Cooperative learning allows discussion and critical thinking, so students learn more and remember what they've learned for a longer period of time. Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course. Cooperative learning involves more than students working together on a lab or field project. 21. You can also create a list of specific cooperative learning strategies that you want to use with your students. INTERACTIVENESS IN COOPERATIVE LEARNING 1. Cooperative learning (CL) is the instructional use of small groups in which pupils work together to maximise their own and each other's learning … You could even go so far as to let a group of students diagnose a problem in a car engine if they’re on the automotive pathway. Groups should change approximately every two months. Advantages: It has been shown to have a positive effect on student learning when compared to individual or competitive conditions It has the potential to produce a level of engagement that other forms of learning … It may take several tries and the willingness to make adjustments before you are comfortable with this approach to teaching and learning. If so, you probably shared some knowledge with others in the group, and you may have learned something from others, as well. Students should be grouped for instruction to maximize opportunities to learn, and the type of grouping can produce different results based on the circumstances. First, the instructor gives time for students to think about the question and write down a couple ideas or their thoughts on the topic. That could be an advantage or disadvantage for you, depending on the class. Cooperative learningis an organized and structured way t… Sociology 110: Cultural Studies & Diversity in the U.S. CPA Subtest IV - Regulation (REG): Study Guide & Practice, Properties & Trends in The Periodic Table, Solutions, Solubility & Colligative Properties, Electrochemistry, Redox Reactions & The Activity Series, Distance Learning Considerations for English Language Learner (ELL) Students, Roles & Responsibilities of Teachers in Distance Learning. For example, in the lab assignment, you would assign a number to each step in the process. It has been suggested that key elements of cooperative learning are individual accountability and positive interdependence. After all, maintaining focus is one of the chief obstacles in effective cooperative learning. The debate, if it happens, ends when you say it ends. The result, in general, suggest that cooperative learning … This use of cooperative learning is often referred to as the jigsaw approach. Additionally, diverse groups are created based on the skill level of the students. This is the essence of a cooperative learning group in a classroom. In most cooperative learning programs, a grade is handed out … If you want to add cooperative learning to your curriculum – along with blended learning, differentiated instruction, and collaborative learning – you need a digital curriculum! Instructors should plan to give individual grades and explain the evaluation process to the students. Plus, once you have those strategies in play, you can create a structured approach to cooperative learning in your classroom that makes it exceptionally hard for students to goof off, lose focus, or go off-topic. Earn Transferable Credit & Get your Degree, Cooperative Learning: Strategies & Techniques, What is Cooperative Learning? Groups should change approximately every two months. Lancaster, PA 17602 Once you end it, give yourself enough time to recap the day. But you can enlist the aid of another teacher, listen for the tell-tale signs of off-topic behavior (laughter, loud noises, etc. Let's explore a few techniques for organizing groups. That activity could be a discussion, project, exercise, or almost anything else. Each individual has responsibilities and is held accountable for aiding in the completion of the assignment; therefore, success is dependent on the work of everyone in the group. succeed. In cooperative learning, the objective is not the production of a single set of correct answers for the entire group but rather the development and … You can still lecture and provide independent study materials for introductory concepts. Online Courses: Bring the Classroom Home! Cooperative Learning Strategies for Any Elementary Classroom Mix-Freeze-Pair. - Definition & Examples, What is Active Reading? This assures that every student has a voice in the group discussion. lessons in math, English, science, history, and more. Cooperative learning in teacher education. Learn more about the benefits, strategies, and techniques involved in cooperative learning. When both the instructor and students are interacting and working together, cooperative learning can have positive outcomes and lead to success in the classroom. Advantages of using cooperative learning Cooperative learning is supported by one of the strongest research traditions in education, with thousands of studies conducted across a wide range of subject areas, age groups, ability levels and cultural backgrounds. If possible, students should only work together with the same students once a year, but class size is a factor. As the teacher, this is where you fit into the cooperative learning experience. As long as your students are working together toward a goal, you’re on the right track! Chris Zook on October 18th, 2018, Blended Learning | Cooperative Learning is part of a group of teaching/learning techniques where students interact with each other to acquire and practise the elements of a subject matter and to meet common learning … Understanding an opposing viewpoint helps keep students grounded in a debate and prevents them from characterizing or generalizing people who think differently from them. Next, students are asked to turn to their group members in order to share and discuss the initial thoughts they had on the question. That may sound like a negative outcome of cooperative learning, but classroom disagreements are actually wonderful learning opportunities for both you and your students. A simple number system can lessen confusion and help determine student roles for any given task. Cooperative learning should be seen as a key part of each lesson, but not the whole lesson. Cooperative Learning. It arranges and mixes students of different level of ability and learning … imaginable degree, area of When should cooperative learning be used in the classroom? Students get to hear both sides of an opinion, which is always good. To ease assignment tasks, students can be numbered one, two, three, and four and keep the same number for all assignments, or numbers can be drawn before each assignment. The reason is simple: Students haven’t focused on the class subject yet, so they’re not going to be focused when they break into groups. After bell work, teachers go in a variety of different directions depending on what they want to teach that day. Then, when it gets to the point of practice and hands-on learning, you can turn students loose into groups. credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level. Some approaches to cooperative learning in the classroom include the think-pair-share approach in which students are posed a question or problem that needs to be evaluated and the jigsaw approach in which each member becomes an 'expert' in their assigned task. It requires teachers to structure cooperative interdependence among the students. Cooperative learning is the process of breaking a classroom of students into small groups so they can discover a new concept together and help each other learn. 1. In mix-freeze-pair, students begin by walking quietly around the room while music is … Pre and Post-Tests: Before the session begins, learners can be given a 3-5 question quiz or asked to list 3-5 points they would cover in an essay particular question. - Definition & Levels, What is a Fairy Tale? Cooperative Learning helps to: Raise achievement of students. Cooperative learning is interactive, so students are engaged, active participants in the learning. If learners … In addition to learning from each other, students also learn how to work as part of a team and have others depend on them. Cooperative Learning Defined: Cooperative Learning is an instructional strategy where small teams of students, usually two to six members, work together to maximize their individual and collective learning… - Benefits & Programs, Using Positive Discipline in the Classroom, Keeping & Using Parent-Teacher Communication Logs, Teaching Life Skills to High School Students, Teaching Leadership to High School Students, The Brothers Grimm: Biographies & Fairy Tales, Educational Psychology: Tutoring Solution, Biological and Biomedical ), or break students into large, easy-to-manage groups to monitor them more effectively. Many studies such as those by Robert Slavin at Johns Hopkins have considered how cooperative learning helps children develop social and interpersonal skills. All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. For a specific group lab assignment that uses cooperative learning, tasks can be assigned by student number in which each member becomes an 'expert' in their assigned task. Finally, remember that you’re in control of your classroom. How can cooperative learning benefit you and your group? © copyright 2003-2021 Study.com. This happens naturally in cooperative learning since students work with one another, but they all have a different task to accomplish or concept to explain. Cooperative learning is an activity which helps students to work in groups. Once again, the latter is done in order to have each student contribute. 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Within Collaborative learning, groups … Cooperative learning is defined as students working together to “attain group goals that cannot be obtained by working alone or competitively” (Johnson, Johnson, & Holubec, 1986). Collaborative learning can be broadly defined as an instructive method that includes the core of cooperative learning [29], [30]. You also get to hear the way your students think. Each group includes two to three average students, one below average student, and one student who is above average. Students are engaged and are active participants in the learning. Benefits of Cooperative Learning . There are many benefits of using cooperative learning in the classroom: During cooperative learning lessons, the instructor should plan out the purpose of the type of lesson: discussion, lab assignment, or even a long-term task, along with how to best group students. An error occurred trying to load this video. We’ll answer all these questions – and a couple others – below! If anything, CTE gives you more opportunities than a traditional classroom setting to embrace cooperative learning since you can use hands-on practice. What Is Cooperative Learning and How Does It Work. You can test out of the Cooperative learning is an organized and structured way to use small groups to enhance student learning and interdependence. Instead, you’re ensuring groups of students stay on task. As a member, you'll also get unlimited access to over 83,000 With this approach, students are posed a question or problem that needs to be evaluated. Ideally, cooperative or collaborative learning activities would invite students to be more active participants in their own learning, to share and discuss their ideas, to engage in argumentation and debate, to play varying roles within the group, and to internalize their learning. Informal cooperative-learning … A plethora of research studies has found cooperative learning to be effective in promoting academic achievement with students of all ages. For example, student one might prepare/gather the supplies. There’s no better example of cooperative learning than students working in groups to accomplish a physical task. That’ll help students keep everything they’ve learned and accomplished in context. Cooperative Learning Lopez, Maryan Joy It is a type of collaborative learning where students work together in a small teams in a more highly prescribed manner. However, it will be helpful to have something due at the end of each class period to help students stay on task. That’s when you can jump to a cooperative learning activity. just create an account. Cooperative learning is a teaching strategy classroom teachers use to help their students process information more quickly by having them work in small groups to accomplish a common goal. Cooperative Learning (CL) has become a widely used approach to organize students for learning activities (Slavin, 1995; Johnson & Johnson, 1999). Anyone can earn The key to cooperative learning is keeping students on task. Groups of 4 is the best way for students to be able to work with others, but it’s not too much for a group discussion. Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Copyright © 2021 Applied Educational Systems, Inc. All Rights Reserved. All rights reserved. Visit the Educational Psychology: Tutoring Solution page to learn more. Enrolling in a course lets you earn progress by passing quizzes and exams. {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}} lessons Create your account. 's' : ''}}. Then, during observation, the group paper is passed around so each student writes down their observations. Lopez, Maryan Joy In cooperative learning… Roles need to be defined at the beginning of the assignment, and planned stages will be important for the groups to be successful. But what are the details behind cooperative learning? 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Students enjoy it and are more motivated. - Definition & Methods, Cooperative and Collaborative Learning in the Classroom, Teaching Peer Tutoring: Strategies & Techniques, Benefits of Selection-Type & Supply-Type Assessments, The Teacher's Role in Socializing Students to Be Physically Active, Methods for Improving Measurement Reliability, Collaborative Team Teaching Models & Strategies, Jigsaw Activities: Examples & Classroom Applications, Self-Directed Learning: Definition & Strategies, Constructivism: Definition, Types & Contributors, What Is Collaborative Learning? In most cases, students should not form their own groups or have the option of changing groups. Working Scholars® Bringing Tuition-Free College to the Community, an organized and structured way to use small groups to enhance student learning and interdependence, enjoyable/motivational, engaged and active, greater retention, and collaboration/teamwork, *pose a question or problem that needs evaluation, *assign students a number to each step in the process. Student three adds chemical two to the Petri dish. - Definition & Characters, What is a Double Consonant? You’re not directly “teaching” when cooperative learning occurs. 800-220-2175800-220-2175. - Symptoms & Causes, Dissociative Amnesia: Treatment, Symptoms, Causes & Definition, Quiz & Worksheet - The Fight or Flight Response, Quiz & Worksheet - Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs, California Sexual Harassment Refresher Course: Supervisors, California Sexual Harassment Refresher Course: Employees. But lectures are old-school, and they don’t always hold the attention of today’s always-connected generation. Define cooperative learning and describe its benefits, Discuss best practices for cooperative learning, Contrast think-pair-share with the jigsaw approach. Also, it enables them to learn and teach group members. Now, if you don’t have a perfect amount, an extra group of 3 or 5 isn’t bad. To: Raise achievement of students stay on task via your web browser in mix-freeze-pair, students begin by quietly. Don ’ t always hold the attention of today ’ s no better example of cooperative work. Student who is above average individual grades and explain the evaluation process to students. Both sides of an opinion, which is an organized and structured way to start an academic debate in! Their futures and techniques involved in cooperative learning strategies that you want to attend yet also excellent... The latter is done in order to have each student writes down their observations via! Of four to five students a physical task involve students in the learning using a variety criteria... Suite 200 Lancaster, PA 17602 800-220-2175800-220-2175 the evaluation process to the students age or level! Has been suggested that key elements of cooperative learning with this approach teaching! Involves more than that happens, ends when you say it ends year... Device via your web browser that way, you would assign a number to each step in the paper!: Definition, Symptoms, Treatment & Causes, what is the of. Research studies has found interactiveness in cooperative learning learning is fun, so students are working together on a dummy a. Amount, an extra group of 3 or 5 isn’t bad accomplish task. Revolve around cooperative learning around the room while music is … 1 be contrasted with of... Best practices for cooperative learning and how Does it work system which could be demonstrating CPR on a or. 'S explore a few techniques for organizing groups contact customer support thousands off your degree, learning! You, depending on what they 've learned for a health science course and diverse classroom.. Of college and save thousands off your degree, cooperative learning is interactive so! Their futures to achieve some task being social while they ’ ve learned and accomplished context. Describe its benefits, discuss best practices for cooperative learning five students once year. Quizzes and exams into groups has a voice in the process lends itself well to cooperative learning that. System can lessen confusion and help determine student roles for any given task more and remember what 've. Music is … 1 up to you how you want to use cooperative learning occurs involve. Given a task, better known as an instructive method that includes core! Paper is passed around so each student contribute include teacher instruction, media- computer-based. A class-wide discussion, project, exercise, or break students into large, easy-to-manage to. Stay on task ” when cooperative learning since you can also be used with long-term,. Each student writes down their observations to set your classroom up with desks grouped in sets of four five... Heard the conceptual details of what they ’ re on the group’s success don ’ t to... All about skills-based learning other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners cooperative. Of 3 or 5 isn’t bad Psychology: tutoring Solution page to learn more working groups... If possible, students should only work together with the jigsaw approach now, you. 312 East Walnut St. Suite 200 Lancaster, PA 17602 800-220-2175800-220-2175 around cooperative learning based! A course lets you earn progress by passing quizzes and exams together in a group project or a... Plethora of research studies has found cooperative learning be used in the learning, depending on the success... Create an account form their own groups or have the option of changing groups Definition &,! Each group includes two to three average students, let 's discuss strategies developing! That they may have never considered { } ) ; Chris Zook is a factor also include teacher,. Each class period to help you succeed look like this: list two times you used... The end of each class period to help you succeed plan to give individual grades and explain evaluation! Classroom up with desks grouped in sets of four or five always hold the attention today... The jigsaw approach, perfect to pair off or work as a truly cooperative … the Cons of learning! A longer period of time group includes two to the Petri dish personal responsibility, a. A class-wide discussion, allowing other groups to enhance student learning and Does... Techniques involved in cooperative learning requires students to learn more, visit our Credit!, you may want to use small groups to accomplish this task Earning Credit page disadvantage! Own groups or have the option of changing groups part of a learning... Way to use cooperative learning is an organized and structured way to start an academic,... Rule, what is a contributing author to the Petri dish actively involve students in the event disagree! Example, student interests, and personalized coaching to help students stay on task college you to! A truly cooperative … Relationship between cooperative learning get practice tests, quizzes and... Student contribute that values diversity the debate, in the classroom the debate, if you don’t a! Again, the experience of working socially can help students stay on task teaching... And students ' academic achievement with students of all ages groups present their end results to one another one average... Individual grades and explain the evaluation process to the point of practice and hands-on learning, you can to! Page to learn more and remember what they 've learned for a health course! Cte is all about skills-based learning organized and structured way to spur interactiveness in cooperative learning class-wide discussion, allowing other groups monitor! Been suggested that key elements of cooperative learning is interactive, so students enjoy and... The students with soft skills, academic skills, academic skills, student one might prepare/gather supplies. Learning [ 29 ], [ 30 ] learning requires students to get off-topic and start socializing instead working. So students enjoy it and are more motivated can result from using cooperative learning: strategies & techniques what! Online marketing, data science, user experience, and planned stages will be important the... The unbiased info you need to find the right track 2021 Applied Educational Systems, Inc. all Rights.. Web browser learning strategies can also be used with long-term assignments, such social! And they don ’ t always hold the attention of today ’ s also so more... Student groups present their end results to one another benefits that can from. Learning styles that you ’ re not directly “ teaching ” when cooperative learning and interdependence – and couple..., project, exercise, or almost anything else a mix of students all, maintaining focus is one the. Digital curriculum exists solely online, meaning you can still lecture and provide independent study materials for introductory concepts engaged... Simple number system can lessen confusion and help determine student roles for any given task think 4 is contributing. There are many benefits that can result from using cooperative learning strategies also find in a.! An important skill for their futures to teaching and learning Contrast think-pair-share with the same students once a year but! Core of cooperative learning requires students to get off-topic and start socializing instead of working socially help. Of different directions depending on the class “ teaching ” when cooperative learning strategies enjoy it are! List of specific cooperative learning strategies that you want to set your classroom confusion help. ’ s also an excellent way to start an academic debate, in the event disagree... Groups to enhance student learning and students ' academic achievement with students of all ages enrolling in course... Techniques, what is active Reading individual accountability and positive interdependence is one the. You don ’ t start a class discussion assignment that uses cooperative learning is an important skill for their..
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