This group went on to organize the famous strike by California grape pickers that led to 26 companies agreeing to improve working conditions. Rate. Alongside Cesar Chavez and Gilberto Padilla, Huerta co-founded the National Farm Workers Association (NFWA). Sor Juana InÃªs de la Cruz – 17th century feminist writer and thinker. Der Begriff wurde in den 1970er Jahren von der Regierung der USA geprägt. Her parents sued in the landmark case Mendez vs. Westminster in 1947, successfully desegregating all public schools in California. Her stature rose in the 20th century, coinciding with the popularity of the feminist movement. A longtime advocate for human rights, gender equality, and LGBTQ+ people, Gurspan also served as a policy adviser for the National Center for Transgender Equality, leading justice initiatives focused on low-income and transgender people of color. Hardly anyone escaped being touched by the war in some form or another. He is responsible for the liberation of the present-day nations of Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia. Longoriaâs body was returned to his native Three Rivers, Texas, where his family sought to use a funeral chapel in the town. Politics World Business Tech Health TIME Health Entertainment Science Newsfeed Living Sports History The TIME Vault Magazine Ideas TIME Labs. In 1960, Huerta founded the Agricultural Workers Association (AWA), where she set up voter drives and lobbied politicians to provide pensions and public assistance for non-citizen migrant workers. She was born circa November 12, 1651 in San Miguel Nepantla, Tepetlixpa, Mexico and showed early signs of extreme intelligence, such as learning to read at the age of three. She also served as Director of the NASA Johnson Space Center, becoming the first Hispanic and second woman to do so. He was then elected to the Senate in 1928, becoming the first Hispanic to accomplish such a feat. Working his way up the political chain, Larrazolo was elected Governor of New Mexico in 1918. In 2009, Sonia Sotomayor was sworn in as the 111th Justice of the Supreme Court, the first-ever Hispanic and first Latina woman to carry the title. Alex Wong/Getty Images. To honor Hispanic Heritage Month, here are some lesser-known heroes that brought positive change to their communities: 1. With our physical, So Iâm supposed to share a few memes and overplayed jokes about how shitty this year has been. Redbook participates in various affiliate marketing programs, which means we may get paid commissions on editorially chosen products purchased through our links to retailer sites. Diego Rivera (1886–1957) Diego Rivera may not have been the only Mexican muralist, but he was certainly the most famous. InÃªs de la Cruz studied to be a nun at an early age, mainly so she could devote her life to studying without the disruptions of a âfixed occupation.â She spent the rest of her life in Mexico City, where she composed poetry and prose in a variety of genres. Most known for his stellar baseball career, Afro-Puerto Rican Roberto Clemente spent his time off the field involved in charity work. 1. Hispanic-American history is American history. During his time as California's Poet Laureate in 2012, Herrera created the i-Promise Joanna/Yo te Prometo Joanna Project, which focuses on anti-bullying and advocacy of the arts for children. Rodolfo Gonzalez – Poet and champion of the Chicano movement. Clemente was killed in a tragic plane crash while delivering supplies to Nicaragua after an earthquake; he was determined to accompany the supplies himself after the first three flights were diverted by corrupted officials and never reached the victims of the earthquake. Hispanic reading - Der Favorit . Velazquez continues to advocate for human and civil rights for the Puerto Rican people to this day. Sadly, Larrazolo fell ill soon after taking office and died just six months into his term. InÃ©s de la Cruz is perhaps best known for her work. They lead many of the covert operations designed to foster dissent amongst Dominicans, overthrow his dictatorship, and restore democracy. 7. She also cofounded the Council of Popular and Indigenous Organizations of Honduras, which advocates for indigenous communities in Honduras. de la Cruz rose in prominence during the 20th century during the second wave of feminism, and is now widely considered the first feminist author of the New World. Rate. Afro-Latina Rosario Dawson–of Puerto Rican and Cuban descent–is not only an actress and producer, but an activist and philanthropist as well. What Happened: Hispanics, including mestizos, indigenous and Afro-descended people from the area today known as Mexico, explored North America almost a century before the British first founded Jamestown. This content resource provides students with biographies of key Hispanic Americans such as Cesar Chavez and Severo Ochoa. As the first Mexican-American author to have her work published by a mainstream publisher, she is heralded as one of the most influential Hispanic women in the literary space, and a pioneer of the Chicano literary movement. In honor of National Hispanic Heritage Month, Andrew Rivera is here with a look at the history of Hispanic and Latinx superheroes. MY ACCOUNT. This year more than ever, the Internet has been essential in keeping us connected. The Council of Popular and Indigenous Organizations of Honduras, which advocates for Indigenous communities in Honduras a before... Internment camps Army Private FÃ©lix Longoria was killed by a Japanese sniper the... 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