Hemp is a bast fibre plant similar to Flax, Kenaf, Jute, and Ramie derived from the stalk of plants. The physical and mechanical properties of these fibres are still being explored. The first pair of Levis Strauss jeans was fabricated from hemp. The oil obtained from hemp seed can be used to make paints, varnishes, soaps, and edible oil with a low smoke point. For more details, please see our privacy notice. Thousands of products made from petroleum-based plastics can be produced from hemp-based composites. Although all three products—hemp, marijuana, and hashish—contain tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), a compound that produces psychoactive effects in humans, the variety of cannabis cultivated for hemp has only small amounts of THC relative to that grown for the production of marijuana or hashish. Coarse Hemp fibers and yarns are woven into cordage, rope, sacking and heavy –duty tarpaulins. Hemp seeds are also often cold-pressed (as hemp seed oil) and used as in skin care products, acting as a natural moisturiser. Poland – currently grows hemp for fabric and cordage and manufactures hemp particle board. The bast fiber is longer and stronger than that of its legal cousin, and is typically used for textiles and rope making. It was planted in Chile in the 1500s and a century later in North America. NRC enzyme-treated fibre. Hemp seeds are an additional natural source to top up fibre consumption, with approx 1.2g fibre per three tablespoons. For thousands of years, hemp fiber has been used for many industrial applications. Hemp has frequently been called “the plant with 1000 uses” and it’s easy to see why. Omissions? The fibre, longer and less flexible than flax, is usually yellowish, greenish, or a dark brown or gray and, because it is not easily bleached to sufficiently light shades, is rarely dyed. By Jeremy Briggs. The plant-based textile is also used on flat square pads, attached bolsters and matching set of pillows. Netherlands – conducting a four year study to evaluate and test hemp for paper and is developing processing equipment. Hemp as a Fuel And Energy Source. The top FIVE uses of Hemp Fibers are: 1. Some of the celebrity clothing labels that use hemp fibers are Ralph Lauren, Armani and Calvin Klein. The extracted fibres are in the form of large fibre bundles useful in non-woven fibre mats, which are made by air-drying and needle punching with uncontrolled and thereby random fiber orientation. Tatham Ltd is a manufacturing and electrical engineering company based in Bradford, West Yorkshire. This is because it offers the strongest and longest natural fiber known to mankind. ATRA teamed up with San Francisco company MoonCloth, which focuses on producing products made from hemp, to create the collection. Hemp fiber has been used since ancient times to make textiles. Chinese fibre 3. ATRA and MoonCloth said the material choices are intended to make the collection more environmentally friendly in the face of the climate crisis. Its stalk can be converted to fiber for rope, textiles, paper and construction materials. To make clothes or textiles. For the collection, ATRA has partnered with Cloverly, an online application service that allows customers to pay more to offset the carbon used in the production and transportation of their product. Early Chinese civilisations used hemp to make fishing nets, ropes, clothes and paper. Hemp originated in Central Asia. Industrial hemp is truly a plant for the ambitions of the 21 st century. We will only use your email address to send you the newsletters you have requested. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. Hemp seed milk is used as an alternative to dairy milk in drinks and recipes. One of these properties is the thermal degradation at elevated temperatures. Industrial Hemp. The Industry Ministry has assigned the Department of Industrial Promotion (DIP) with developing new ideas for research to bring the country’s fibre industry up … Sailors relied upon hemp cordage for strength to hold their ships and sails, and the coarseness of the fiber made hemp useful for canvas, sailcloth, sacks, rope, and paper. Because hemp s… Each of the pieces is framed with FSC reclaimed wood that has been locally sourced and produced using certified sustainable practices. We will never give your details to anyone else without your consent. Hemp can be used to produce fiberboard that is stronger and lighter than wood. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... drug cult: Hemp, mushrooms, cacti, and their derivatives. It is unmatched in durability, resiliency, anti-microbial and anti-fungal properties, making it the most popular fibre for the eco-conscious in the fashion industry. Plants grown for oilseed are planted farther apart and are shorter and many-branched. Hemp seeds require a firm seedbed and good soil contact to germinate well. The World & Hemp. Alfredo Häberli creates "architectural" Giro Soft sofa for ... Erika Cross models convertible Step table on industrial tools. Hemp is one of the lightest fibers available, giving clothes a lightweight and breathable feel. Hemp was first grown in Asia and is one of the oldest cultivated fibre plants – in fact, the oldest piece of fabric fibre ever found is an 8,000-year-old piece of hemp. Hemp has grown in popularity as designers and architects search for more sustainable materials to use in their designs. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Cordage is an age old use for hemp fiber. They added that it also doesn't require pesticides or harmful chemicals to grow, and is free of microplastics, and absorbs more carbon dioxide produces more oxygen than other commercial crops and plants. Since that time, hemp has been used to make many types of garments and accessories. Hemp grown in Ireland may be used to produce both fibre and seed. Natural fibres are heterogeneous mixtures of organic materials and heat treatment at elevated temperatures can result in … Hemp is the most versatile natural resource. Related storyYusuke Seki showcases fragile hemp textiles across banks of metal rods. Hemp seed oil is often confused with hemp CBD oil but differs in that it does not contain any significant cannabidiol content.. Hemp oil has many uses, has an amazing nutritional profile, is excellent for skincare, and is credited with a wide range of potential health benefits. The fibre strands, usually over 1.8 metres (5.8 feet) long, are made of individual cylindrical cells with an irregular surface. Hemp is used in tapestry, hats, shawls, rugs, posters, and towel. You can unsubscribe at any time by clicking on the unsubscribe link at the bottom of every email, or by emailing us at privacy@dezeen.com. The first recorded use of hemp dates back to around 8000 BC where hemp rope was found in a piece of pottery in an ancient village site that’s now modern-day Taiwan. Uses of Hemp fiber . According to the creators, the cloth requires 50 per cent less water to grow and produce compared to other fibres. Let’s examine some of the kenaf fiber uses. Hemp can be used to produce strong, durable and environmentally-friendly plastic substitutes. Hemp is sometimes confused with the cannabis plants that serve as sources of the drug marijuana and the drug preparation hashish. Crops cultivated for fibre are densely sowed and produce plants averaging 2–3 metres (6–10 feet) tall with almost no branching. Until development in the 1980’s made it possible to remove lignin from the hemp fibre without compromising its strength, hemp’s use for clothing and other non-industry uses wasn’t possible as it was too course for comfort. Countries across the world have realized the uses of the wonder fiber called Hemp. They have demonstrated the benefits of using hemp to cleanse soils contaminated by … Although sometimes pulled up by hand, plants are more often cut off about 2.5 cm (1 inch) above the ground. The hemp plant is a stout, aromatic, erect annual herb. Hemp is used to manufacture clothing such as jeans and sport clothing, lingerie and other high fashion apparel. Production of aligned fiber assemblies can also be done at laboratory scale by combing the fibers in water, stretching them and air-drying them. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Overall, hemp is the strongest, longest-lasting organic plant fibre on this planet! Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. CBD Made From Hemp Hemp fiber is one of the dominant classes of bast natural fibers, commonly procured from the hemp plant with the species of Cannabis. The Many Uses of Hemp 1. Substituting hemp fiberboard for timber would further reduce the need to cut down our forests. Hemp Textile Uses 1. Hemp is usually planted between March and May in the northern hemisphere, between September and November in the southern hemisphere. Hemp fibre: Textiles Historically hemp was predominantly used as an industrial fibre due to its strength for sails, rope and paper. Updates? A fast growing crop, it has one of the highest rates of CO 2 absorption. This prevents Hemp garments from stretching out or becoming distorted with use. While hemp fiber was the first choice for industry, the coarseness of the fiber restricted hemp from apparel and most home uses. Hemp seed oil can be used to produce non-toxic diesel fuel, paint, varnish, detergent, ink and lubricating oil. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Shelled hemp seeds, sometimes called hemp hearts, are sold as a health food and may be eaten raw; they are commonly sprinkled on salads or blended with fruit smoothies. Alternative Titles: Cannabis sativa, Indian hemp, industrial hemp Hemp, (Cannabis sativa), also called industrial hemp, plant of the family Cannabaceae cultivated for its fibre (bast fibre) or its edible seeds. Pollen-producing flowers form many-branched clusters on staminate, or male, plants. It has comparatively low nutrient and water requirements. Well-crafted hemp textiles are durable, breathability and have strong thermal qualities, as well as being mildew-resistant and hypoallergenic. Hemp cultivation for fibre was recorded in China as early as 2800 bce and was practiced in the Mediterranean countries of Europe early in the Christian era, spreading throughout the rest of Europe during the Middle Ages. Bast fibers can be cleaned, spun and then woven or knitted into many fabrics suitable for durable and comfortable clothing and housewares. Strips of white hemp fabric, a fibre produced from a strain of cannabis, wrap around the frame to form a supportive base. Fibre varieties may reach 3m in height under Irish conditions and are selected to produce large quantities of high-quality fibre. Hemp was primarily used in making sails & ropes for ships. Hemp fibres are finding increasing use as reinforcements in composite materials, often replacing glass fibres. Historically, the seed’s chief commercial use has been for caged-bird feed. It is strong and durable and is used for cordage—e.g., twine, yarn, rope, cable, and string—and for artificial sponges and such coarse fabrics as sacking (burlap) and canvas. The core of both kenaf and hemp are also one of the most absorbent materials on the planet. In fibre production, maximum yield and quality are obtained by harvesting soon after the plants reach maturity, indicated by the full blossoms and freely shedding pollen of the male plants. Blocks modular furniture by OMA for Lensvelt. On the other hand, hemp stalks consist of 25% bast, or long fiber and 75% core fiber. A Little Bit of Hemp Fiber History In Western and Eastern Europe as well as the Orient, hemp fibers have been used to strengthen composite products, and in other building materials for many construction and manufacturing applications. Consequently, such fibres have long been used for textiles and rope making. Hemp fabrics have superior qualities such as UV resistance, distinctive feel, antibacterial properties, and breathability. For examples, Manila hemp (abaca) is Musa textilis Née, sisal hemp is Agave sisalina Perrine, and sunn hemp is Crotolaria juncea L. Especially confusing is the phrase “Indian hemp,” which has been used both for narcotic Asian land races of C. sativa (so-called C. indica Lamarck of India) and Apocynum cannabinum L., which was used by North American Indians as a fiber plant. Hemp needed to be softened. Dezeen Weekly is a curated newsletter that is sent every Thursday, containing highlights from Dezeen. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Nearly every part of the plant can be used for human benefit. Biodiesel fuel from Hemp Seed Oil. Hemp is sometimes confused with the cannabis plants that serve as sources of the drug marijuana and the drug preparation hashish. Long hemp fibers can be spun and woven to fine quality fabric used in clothing, home furnishing textiles and floor coverings. Victoria, British Columbia-based Bast Fibre Technologies announced the agreement with Georgia-Pacific on Tuesday. Crops grow best in sandy loam with good drainage and require average monthly rainfall of at least 65 mm (2.5 inches) throughout the growing season. Hemp fibre is one of the strongest, longest and most durable vegetable fibres. You can unsubscribe at any time by clicking the link at the bottom of every newsletter. A long standing use for bast fibers are their use in textiles. Nerthus-Sofa collection comprises lounges, chairs and ottomans made from individual pieces that can be slotted together to create a large singular unit. Fig: Products of hemp fiber. The edible seeds contain about 30 percent oil and are a source of protein, fibre, and magnesium. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? Probably the most widespread plant having psychedelic properties and used in cults is Indian hemp, Cannabis sativa, which grows all... Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Hemp fibers also can be blended with other fibers, such as cotton and linen, for specific textures and performance. It matures in about three to four months. Hemp has been used for centuries to make rope, canvas and paper. "In a crucial time for the environment, the Nerthus-Sofa is emblematic of how ATRA intends to adapt their business and support driving action in the luxury design community.". Hemp uses. Strips of white hemp fabric, a fibre produced from a strain of cannabis, wrap around the frame to form a supportive base. The Dutch word for hemp is ‘hennep’. Neither method produces fabric with the same whiteness and softness as cotton. Although only the hemp plant yields true hemp, a number of other plant fibres are called “hemp.” These include Indian hemp (Apocynum cannabinum), Mauritius hemp (Furcraea foetida), and sunn hemp (Crotalaria juncea). It is easily available and readily cultivable. Let’s take a closer look at a few of the many uses for hemp. In Italy some hemp receives special processing, producing whitish colour and attractive lustre, and is used to make fabric similar to linen. It has highly versatile uses for its fibre, hurd (the woody core of the stem), leaves and seeds. Hemp fibre is one of the strongest and most durable of all natural textile fibers. Hemp is one of the oldest cultivated crops that exists, with a history that stems back some 10,000 years. Tatham manufactures hemp decorticating and cleaning machinery to provide clean hemp fibre and shiv suitable for onward processing. There are so many uses for hemp fibers from animal bedding to hempcrete bricks to plastic composites of all sorts! Hemp, (Cannabis sativa), also called industrial hemp, plant of the family Cannabaceae cultivated for its fibre (bast fibre) or its edible seeds. Hemp being one of the strongest natural fibres on earth provides the strength of a synthetic fibre. The common features of natural fibers along with inherent mechanical, thermal, and acoustic properties of hemp fibers make them beneficial for reinforcements in polymer composite materials [35,59,60]. Hemp tow is used for stuffing or coarse yarn spinning and line fibre for higher-end applications such as clothing fabrics, furnishing and floor coverings. Industrial hemp has been used for decades as the main fiber in the production of textiles such as apparel, clothing, rugs, shoes, upholstery and hats. Found in the bast of hemp plant, these fibres have specific strength and stiffness that are comparable to those of glass fibres. "Both companies share a home in California, where the beauty of nature and the effect of climate change are visible and have inspired this collection," ATRA said. Hemp is grown in temperate zones as an annual cultivated from seed and can reach a height of up to 5 metres (16 feet). When Hemp came on the horizon, many countries saw a plant that was thought to be useful for producing narcotic substances like marijuana and cannabis alone. Its seed is a food product and has medicinal value, along with the root. Dezeen Weekly subscribers will also receive occasional updates about events, competitions and breaking news. Fabrics made from line fibre can have a texture similar to linen; very different to the feel of wearing something akin to a hessian sack that some people may have experienced with hemp clothing Cannabis plants grow rapidly and are known to be particularly hardy. The rectangular-shaped frames are available in either teak or mahogany wood. You will shortly receive a welcome email so please check your inbox. This article was most recently revised and updated by, Hash Marihuana and Hemp Museum - Cannabis Sativa, hemp - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Japanese designer Yusuke Seki used the fibre to create sculptural pieces and Practice Architecture used the cannabis material in panels for a house. Fibre. Watch this clip from a 1940s film promoting the production of hemp for the U.S. war effort. The leaves are compound with palmate shape, and the flowers are small and greenish yellow. In Italy, fine Hemp fibers are used for interior design and apparel fabrics. While its … Hemp fibre is 100% biodegradable and compostable, encouraging an environmentally friendly and sustainable approach to growing. China, the world’s leading producer of hemp fabric, uses chemical methods for processing hemp, while producers in Europe have begun using cleaner biologically-based enzyme technology. Later with research came Industrial hemp and so hemp fibre became a reality. Hemp is called a fibre of hundred uses. Durable, sustainable textiles is one of the many Uses of Hemp, and Thailand is setting its sights on the global hemp fibre market. Layout sofa by Numen/For Use for Prostoria, Visit our comments page | Read our comments policy, ATRA uses hemp fibre and recycled materials for Nerthus-Sofa furniture collection, Yusuke Seki used the fibre to create sculptural pieces. Georgia-Pacific, a giant in the paper-manufacturing industry, is partnering with a Canadian firm that uses hemp-based fibers for a variety of nonwoven products. The slender canelike stalks are hollow except at the tip and base. Seed-producing flowers form elongate, spikelike clusters growing on the pistillate, or female, plants. Arup designs parklets to help Liverpool's restaurants reopen ... Seiton storage by OEO Studio for Stellar Works. It is cheaper than most textiles that are obtained organically and way more ecologically sustainable than … ATRA's hemp covering is available in a range of colour options, white, black, olive green, forest green, navy blue and brown. Furniture design studio ATRA has created a modular sofa system upholstered with a hemp-based fabric. Modern Uses of Industrial Hemp: Stalks Bast Fibre Textiles. Probably the most widespread plant having psychedelic properties and used in cults is Indian hemp, Flax, hemp, jute, and kenaf are characterized by a high proportion of long, flexible bast fibres that are readily separated and purified from the other materials in the plant. Fibres are obtained by subjecting the stalks to a series of operations—including retting, drying, and crushing—and a shaking process that completes separation from the woody portion, releasing the long, fairly straight fibre, or line. Hemp uses makes clothing last longer. In line with the exterior elements, the furniture's stuffing is made with recycled or discarded objects like horsehair. Hemp fibre is also used to make bioplastics that can be recyclable and biodegradable, depending on the formulation. Hemp is primarily used for paper manufacturing in Europe due to low lignin content. Not only is Hemp strong, but it also holds its shape, stretching less than any other natural fiber. Hemp fibre can be spun as smooth as silk or as coarse as burlap. ATRA chose to use hemp as the upholstery fabric because of the material's natural qualities and production methods. Products made from Hemp will outlast their competition by many years. Dezeen Daily is sent every day and contains all the latest stories from Dezeen. Seed breeders are developing new strains of low THC varieties. There are over 50,000 uses for industrial hemp and we are happy to present you with one more. Most of this fibre reaching….
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