[17][18] Officials in the region warned residents about the likelihood of severe flooding from the depression. Unusually strong lightning storms associated with the depression killed at least nine people in Gujarat. Cyclone Amphan batters West Bengal, Odisha . There was no information from the coastal Cyclone Aila Women struggle with their umbrellas against a strong wind and rain in Kolkata after the cyclone hit the state districts, where extensive damage was feared, IAN reported. Later that day, an area of low pressure developed underneath the convection as the system developed. 12.3 million (US$175,714) and 2,500 tonnes of rice. During the next day as the Depression turned towards the northeast, the IMD reported that it had intensified into a Cyclonic Storm and named it Phyan. Climate induced displacement:case study of cyclone Aila in the southwest coastal region of Bangladesh. [29], More than 400,000 people were reportedly isolated by severe flooding in coastal regions of Bangladesh. [23], Torrential rains from Aila resulted in 190 fatalities and at least 7,000 injuries across the Khulna and Satkhira Districts. Even at the peak of its rampage through West Bengal, Aila’s wind speeds rose up to 120 km/hour, well short of the ferocity unleashed by the Wednesday’s cyclone. [35], State Government in co-operation with the central counterparts took up the rescue and the rehabilitation program. Another outbreak of water borne diseases, namely dysentery, has infected over 3,000 people. The Deputy Commissioner of Satkhira district allocated ten tonnes of rice and Tk.100,000 (US$1,450) in immediate relief funds for that district. Over 5.1 million people have been affected in 16 districts of West Bengal. Several homes were damaged in the area and power was cut due to fallen trees and power lines. The tropical cyclone scale for this basin is detailed on the right. Later that day the JTWC designated the system as Cyclone 04A. [45], Severe Cyclonic Storm Aila at peak intensity. Cyclone Bulbul: At Ground Zero of Aila, a decadal loss comes to haunt villagers amid sliver of hope Ten years ago, he had lost his mud house and about 100 cottah land in cyclone Aila, which wrecked havoc in South 24 Parganas district in 2009, killing 149 people in the state. Maximum winds of 25 knots (46 km/hr) was reported at the Pamban observatory in coastal Tamil Nadu.[14]. ACT; Posted ... 26 May 2009. Kethi in Nilgiris district of Tamil Nadu received 82 cm of rainfall in 24 hours, beating the previous 24‑hour rainfall record for Tamil Nadu. Singlabazar recorded 320 mm of rainfall in 48 hours between 26 and 27 May.[14]. The initial two to three days were spent in extensive search and rescue operations as many of the fishing clan from the Sunderbans were stranded in remote parts of the islands. [44], In comparison to earlier cyclones, that of similar magnitude, Cyclone Aila caused lower death toll due to implementation of efficient early warning systems, cyclone shelters and disaster relief allocation system. Over the next couple of days the disturbance developed gradually with a Tropical Cyclone Formation Alert being issued early on June 23 as the disturbance had continued to organize and consolidated over the past few hours. [25][26] Approximately 9.3 million people were affected by the cyclone, of which 1 million were rendered homeless. Severe Cyclonic Storm Aila (JTWC designation: 02B) was the second named tropical cyclone of the 2009 North Indian Ocean cyclone season. Deaths in parentheses are additional and indirect (an example of an indirect death would be a traffic accident), but are still storm-related. Cyclone Amphan, which has killed 77 people and left thousands homeless in West Bengal, is now considered even more destructive than Cyclone Aila which slammed southern Bangladesh and eastern India in 2009, the UN has said. The Government of Bangladesh was praised domestically and internationally for its implementation of effective disaster management projects that have reduced death tolls in Cyclone Aila and future cyclones that have struck the country it since. [1] Environmental analysis indicated that the system was in an area of favorable conditions to develop with low vertical wind shear and warm sea surface temperatures. The damage impact assessment carried out by the government of West Bengal and … It is moving in a northerly direction and will weaken gradually, Regional Meteorological Centre Director G C Debnath, said. Nearly 20 days after Cyclone Amphan made a landfall in south West Bengal, a remote village in Sundarbans, Uttar Chandanpiri, remained a tell-tale of the cyclone’s fury.While mud houses were flattened out, brick houses and embankments made after 2009 Cyclone Aila stood the ground. Only ten cyclones have developed over the Bay of Bengal during 1891-2008.[14]. [16] At least 50,000 hectares of agricultural land was lost during the storm, costing an estimated Rs. [14] At least 100 river embankments were breached by storm surge produced by the cyclone. [31] The government later allocated Tk. Rainfall amounts peaked at 213.4 mm (8.40 in) and winds reached 60 km/h (37 mph). High winds uprooted numerous trees, blocking roads throughout the region. A relatively strong tropical cyclone, it caused extensive damage in India and Bangladesh. Cyclone Aila devastates Sundarbans . Later that morning RSMC New Delhi designated the disturbance as Depression BOB 02. Cyclone Amphan, which has killed 77 people and left thousands homeless in West Bengal, is now considered even more destructive than Cyclone Aila which … Wed 27 May 2009 04.01 EDT First published on Wed 27 May 2009 04.01 EDT. Multispectral imagery showed that the disturbance had a developing low level circulation center with convection flaring over it and was in an area of low vertical wind shear. [31] After wandering some time to the east of Sri Lanka, the system made landfall near Trincomalee on December 14 as a Deep Depression. [7] Dozens of people are reportedly missing throughout the country. Cyclone Aila exposes Left. [15], Bijli developed as a depression in the first fortnight of April. The next day, the army used helicopters to provide food to the affected population. Early on June 21, the JTWC reported that an area of low pressure had persisted about 675 km, (420 miles), southwest of Mumbai, India. Chandwad in Maharashtra recorded 240 mm of rainfall in 48 hours between 11 and 12 November. [31] In Patuakhali, a dam broke and submerged five villages. “Remember that Aila had struck at high tide. [24] Across 11 of the nation's 64 districts, approximately 600,000 thatched homes, 8,800 km (5,500 mi) of roads, 1,000 km (620 mi) of embankments, and 123,000 hectares (300,000 acres) of land were damaged or destroyed. High waves produced by the storm inundated coastal villages, forcing residents to evacuate to safer areas. About 2,500 troops were deployed to West Bengal on May 26, 2009. [6], In the Bhola District of Bangladesh, an estimated 500,000 people evacuated to higher areas and shelters as Aila neared landfall. The Cyclone crossed the West Bengal coast close to the east of Sagar Island between 0800 & 0900 UTC as a severe cyclonic storm on 25 May. [14], Cyclonic Storm Phyan developed as a tropical disturbance to the southwest of Colombo in Sri Lanka late on November 4, 2009. Convection had been gradually organizing itself over the last 12 hours, and was in an area of low to moderate vertical wind shear. The outbreak is described by time, place and person. [16] The disturbance at this time had a broad and poorly organised area of deep convection, which was located to the southeast of the low level circulation center which had consolidated into a single circulation during the previous 12 hours. [21], The remnants of Aila produced gusty winds and heavy rains in the eastern Indian state of Meghalaya between May 25 and 26. Port officials stated that more than 500 fishermen had gone missing since the storm made landfall. [28] Berhampur received 210 mm of rainfall on 6 September. Mangrol in Gujarat recorded 130 mm of rainfall on 27 June. Health officials in Bangladesh confirmed a deadly outbreak of diarrhea on 29 May, with more than 7,000 people being infected and four dying. The JTWC then cancelled their Tropical Cyclone Formation Alert, with the IMD issuing their final advisory later that day. [12] Early on April 17, RSMC New Delhi reported that Bijli had weakened to a deep depression as it moved northwest. Several rivers broke through embankments, causing widespread inland flooding. [32] Cyclonic Storm Ward dissipated completely on December 16. Early on June 25 at 0900 UTC, the remnants of Depression ARB 01 emerged into the Arabian Sea, and intensified into Depression ARB 02. Sutrapada in Gujarat received 250 mm rainfall in 48 hours between 24 & 25 June.[14]. This is a table of the storms in 2009 and their landfall(s), if any; the table does not include storms that did not make landfall, which is defined as the center of the storm moving over a landmass. Villagers rebuild an embankment after it got washed away by a tidal wave caused by cyclone Aila in Sundarbans delta, southeast of the eastern Indian city of Kolkata June 3, 2009. At least two people have been confirmed to have died from diarrhea and two other fatalities were reported. However, later on June 26, Depression ARB 02 dissipated completely. In Bangladesh, an estimated 20 million people were at risk of post-disaster diseases due to Aila. State Government in co-operation with the central counterparts took up the rescue and the rehabilitation program. [7] Later that morning RSMC New Delhi reported that the depression had intensified into a deep depression and reported it was expected to intensify into Cyclonic Storm Bijli. The storm was responsible for at least 339 deaths across Bangladesh and India; more than 1 million people were left homeless. Late on May 21, 2009, the Joint Typhoon Warning Center reported that a Tropical Disturbance had persisted about 950 kilometres (590 mi) to the south of Kolkata, in India and had developed within the Southwest Monsoon. It was the worst natural disaster to affect Bangladesh since Cyclone Sidr in November 2007. Cyclone … Severe cyclone ‘Aila’ hit the coastal parts of West Bengal, particularly in South 24-Parganas and North 24-Parganasat around 14.00 hours on 25th May 2009, with wind speed ranging between 120 to 130 kmph and it continued its devastating journey northwards affecting the districts of North 24-Pargnas, Purba Medinipur, Kolkata, Howrah, Hooghly, Burdwan, Birbhum, Uttar Dinajpur, Dakshin Dinajpur and … Moving in a north-northwesterly direction, the Depression, which was located over Saurashtra, Kutch, and neighbouring areas, which was the system, re-intensified into the depression over northeast Arabian Sea, and lay centred near lat. 22.50N/long. Numerous villages were either completely submerged in floodwaters or destroyed. The next day, the army used helicopters to provide food to the affected population. [15] In northern areas of the state, heavy rains triggered numerous landslides in Darjeeling that killed 22 people and left 6 others missing. Weak banding features also formed around the periphery of the storm. Climatologically, the formation of tropical cyclones in the Bay of Bengal at this time of the year is rare. [3] Aila became a severe cyclonic storm at 06UTC on May 25 and made landfall at its peak intensity (60kt, 967hPa) between 08 and 09UTC. [2] Later that day, an area of low pressure developed underneath the convection as the system developed. Keywords: Destructive landslides, cyclone Aila, reckless construction, community outlets, frequent digging, physical changes in slope character. [5] In addition, several warning alerts were issued before the cyclone hit Kolkata; however, no alarm bells were rung. On the island of Nizum Dwip, nearly all structures were severely damaged or destroyed, leaving roughly 20,000 people homeless. Rediff News. [5] Following further development, the Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC) issued a Tropical Cyclone Formation Alert (TCFA) as they anticipated the system to develop into a tropical storm. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. [7], In India, at least 149 people were killed,[8][9] two by electrocution, and hundreds others were left homeless as torrential rains led to flooding. There are two main seas in the North Indian Ocean — the Arabian Sea to the west of the Indian subcontinent, abbreviated ARB by the India Meteorological Department (IMD); and the Bay of Bengal to the east, abbreviated BOB by the IMD. However the coastal areas recorded 75 km/hr winds. So the noise, the only noise, that I could hear from the school that I take shelter in during cyclones was that of the river splitting open the embankments,” reminisced Biswas. [14], The remnants of this storm caused heavy to very heavy downpours in coastal Pakistan.[19]. 006", "RSMC New Delhi Advisory of Depression Bijli on April 17, 2009 at 1400 UTC", "Final JTWC Advisory of Tropical Cyclone 01B on April 17, 2009 at 2100 UTC", "Significant Tropical Weather Advisory for the Indian Ocean 2009-05-21 18z", "Lightning claims eight lives in Gujarat", "Nine killed by lightning strikes across state", "Shipping Bulletin for Met area VIII 2009-09-03 0900 UTC", "Shipping Bulletin for Met area VIII 2009-09-03 1000 UTC", "Significant Tropical Weather Advisory for the Indian Ocean 2009-09-04 12z", "Tropical Cyclone Formation Alert 2009-09-05 00z", "Special Tropical Weather Outlook 2009-09-05 03z", "Special Tropical Weather Outlook 2009-09-05 06z", "Tropical Cyclone Warning 2009-09-05 09z", http://metnet.imd.gov.in/mausamdocs/26313.pdf, "Depression over southwest and adjoining southeast Bay of Bengal", "Cyclonic storm WARD over the southwest and adjoining southeast Bay of Bengal", "Deep depression crossed Sri Lanka coast near Trincomalee", 2000–2009 North Indian Ocean cyclone seasons, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=2009_North_Indian_Ocean_cyclone_season&oldid=997779797, Articles with dead external links from September 2018, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles needing additional references from October 2012, All articles needing additional references, Articles which contain graphical timelines, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 2 January 2021, at 05:24. Over the next couple of days the disturbance gradually developed before weakening as it made landfall on Southern India on November 7. Additionally the forest remains under an estimated 2.4 m (7.9 ft) of water. Roughly 100 relief camps were established in West Bengal shortly after the … ... May 26, 2009 20:56 IST. Also read: Very severe cyclonic storm — Cyclone Amphan passes West Bengal-Bangladesh coasts at 155-165 Kmph Two MI-17 helicopters were also sent to air-drop food supplies to the worst affected areas in West Bengal. Cyclone Aila … The 2009 North Indian Ocean cyclone season was an event in the annual cycle of tropical cyclone formation. Cyclone AILA which hit coastal West Bengal on 25 May, 2009 is described as one of the worst storms to hit Kolkata in 20 years. Sirkali in Tamil Nadu recorded 140 mm of rainfall on 15 December. 'Even before the Left could come to terms with the disastrous results of the Lok Sabha election, Cyclone Aila wreaked havoc in West Bengal… Damage and deaths include totals while the storm was extratropical or a wave or low. A visit to Cyclone Aila affected regions of West Bengal was carried out by a three member team of Jamsetji Tata Centre for Disaster Management, Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Mumbai between 15th and 21st June 2009. Later, RSMC New Delhi downgraded the deep depression to a depression. By April 14, deep convection persisted around the center of circulation; following the development the RSMC in New Delhi, India designated the system as Depression BOB 01. The maximum winds of 68 km/h were reported in Pune at the time of landfall. Cyclone Amphan, which has killed 77 people and left thousands homeless in West Bengal, is now considered even more destructive than Cyclone Aila which slammed southern Bangladesh and eastern India in 2009, the UN has said. It hovered over Gujarat as a well marked area of low pressure before moving towards the northeast and re-emerging into the Arabian Sea where it redeveloped into a depression. The scope of this article is limited to the Indian Ocean in the Northern Hemisphere, east of the Horn of Africa and west of the Malay Peninsula. [38] On 27 May, 400 troops form the National Disaster Response Force were deployed to the state for relief operations. [41] These amounts further increased to Tk. Throughout the country, at least 150,000 people were left homeless. [30] A storm surge of 3 m (10 ft) impacted western regions of Bangladesh, submerging numerous villages. Weak banding features also formed around the periphery of the storm. The Depression then intensified further and became a Deep Depression that afternoon before making landfall crossed north Orissa-West Bengal coast between Balasore and Digha during 1600 and 1700 UTC later that day. [25][26] However the JTWC's first warning was also their final warning as the cyclone had made landfall near Digha in West Bengal and was expected to dissipate later that day. | Cyclone Aila causes havoc in Bengal. Cyclone Aila devastates Sundarbans . [14], Early on July 20, RSMC New Delhi reported that Depression BOB 03 had formed about 120 km (75 miles) to the southeast of Digha. [14] That night, the JTWC issued their final advisory on Tropical Cyclone 01B as it rapidly weakened over Bangladesh and Myanmar. [19], The outer bands of the storm also produced torrential rains and high winds in eastern portions of Orissa state, with the heaviest rainfall being recorded at Paradip at 260 mm (10 in) and winds peaked at 90 km/h (56 mph). [16] Environmental analysis indicated that the system was in an area of favorable conditions to develop with low vertical wind shear and warm sea surface temperatures. Following Cyclone Aila, a block of Sundarban area, West Bengal, India, reported an increased number of diarrhoea cases at the end of May 2009. Cyclone AILA, West Bengal India - ACT responds Source. The team visited the two most affected blocks of North and South Parganas namely Higalganj and Gosaba extensively. Tropical Depression ARB 01 dissipated early on June 26. Cyclone Aila has reported claimed the lives of three in West Bengal. [10][11] More than 15,000 people in eight villages were reportedly isolated from relief crews by severe flooding. [21][22] Early on September 5, as the area of low pressure was moving into an area of low vertical windshear the JTWC issued a Tropical Cyclone Formation Alert, whilst the IMD reported that the low pressure area had intensified into a Depression. Numerous trees were uprooted and power lines were downed, causing widespread power outages. [9] [11] Around 0600 UTC, RSMC New Delhi reported that Bijli had reached its peak intensity with winds of 75 km/h (45 mph 3-minute winds). 26 May 2009 Geneva, 26 May 2009 - Cyclone Aila hit parts of coastal Bangladesh and eastern India on Monday 26 May, triggering tidal surges and flooding that have left millions of … [39] The Government of India released Rs.10 million (US$209,775) in relief funds to the affected areas on 26 May. The team visited the two most affected blocks of North and South Parganas namely Higalganj and Gosaba extensively. Cyclone Aila, West Bengal, India (May 2009) Within two hours of Cyclone Aila hitting the Sunderbans, Art of Living volunteers from West Bengal reached the affected areas. [13] The areas and districts affected by the cyclone in West Bengal include East Midnapore, Howrah, Hooghly, Burdwan, South 24 Parganas and Kolkata. [14], As a tropical disturbance, Phyan caused heavy rainfall in Tamil Nadu. RSMC New Delhi then reported later that morning that Depression ARB 01 had formed and was expected to intensify into a Deep Depression before making landfall, however the depression did not intensify any further before making landfall on the south Gujarat coast near Diu. Army was deployed to the affected areas. Aila recently became the first cyclone of the 2009 cyclone season in the North Indian Ocean just before making landfall in far eastern India in the northern Bay of Bengal. After the disturbance had emerged into the Arabian Sea late on November 8 it rapidly became more marked with the India Meteorological Department (IMD) reporting early on November 9 that the disturbance had intensified into a Depression and designated it as Depression ARB 03 whilst the Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC) issued a Tropical Cyclone Formation Alert. [24][27] One year after the storm, 200,000 people remained homeless. KOLKATA: Three people were killed here on Monday as cyclone Aila crossed the coast into West Bengal. [17][18] Later reports indicated that upwards of 2.3 million were displaced by the storm as 175,000 homes were destroyed and 270,000 were damaged. The search teams were supplied with fresh drinking water for the tigers as their natural water source was inundated with salt water from Aila's storm surge. As a result, it did not have any significant impact on rainfall, except over Saurashtra & Kutch. [32] An estimated 58,950 animals were killed by the storm with up to 50,000 deer missing. In Chandpur, two pontoons sank while docked in port. 1. Cyclone Amphan, which has killed 77 people and left thousands homeless in West Bengal, is now considered even more destructive than Cyclone Aila which slammed southern Bangladesh and eastern India in 2009, the UN has said. 125 crore (US$26.3 million). [26][27] However the IMD kept issuing advisories on the deep depression until early on September 7, when the IMD reported that it had weakened into a depression and then into a well marked low pressure area later that day when they stopped issuing advisories on the depression whilst it was located over Jharkhand and adjoining region of Chhattisgarh. Like its parent system, it was mostly monitored through synoptic and satellite analysis. Early on September 3, the IMD reported that an area of low pressure had formed embedded within the monsoon off the Orissa coastline. Cyclone Amphan, the strongest to hit the region in nearly two decades, made landfall on Wednesday evening. The initial two to three days were spent in extensive search and rescue operations as many of the fishing clan from the Sunderbans were stranded in remote parts of the islands. [16] During May 22 the disturbance developed further with a Tropical Cyclone Formation Alert being issued early the next day by the JTWC as the low level circulation center had become stronger and more defined. The last time the city was majorly affected by a cyclone was when it was hit by the “the tail” of Aila in 2009. Cyclone victims wait across a damaged bridge at Akshaynagar in the Sundarbans delta, about 100 km (62 miles) south from the eastern Indian city of Kolkata, May 26, 2009. Cyclone Amphan, which has killed 77 people and left thousands homeless in West Bengal, is now considered even more destructive than Cyclone Aila which slammed southern Bangladesh and eastern India in 2009, the UN has said. Saurashtra and Kutch experienced active monsoon conditions under the influence of this system. Following further development, the Joint Typhoon Warnin… No injuries were reported in the state. Roads were also blocked by floodwaters or debris, hampering relief efforts. [20] An estimated 1,000 acres (4.0 km2) of Orissa cropland were lost due to Aila. Warned by both the Regional Specialized Meteorological Center (RMSC) and Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC), Aila formed over a disturbance over the Bay of Bengal on May 23, 2009 and started to intensify and organize reaching sustained wind speeds of 110 kmh (70 mph). [4], Officials in India evacuated thousands of residents from coastal areas ahead of Cyclone Aila. West Bengal Chief Minister Buddhadeb Bhattacharjee slammed the IMD for its failure to inform the state government about the direction of Cyclone Aila9. The Food and Disaster Management Ministry said Cyclone Aila had killed 113 people in Bangladesh, and a government official in West Bengal state … A Local Cautionary Signal Number Three was issued for the Gopalpur, Puri, Paradeep and Chandabali ports. 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