Its share of Pakistan's GDP has historically ranged from 51.8% to 54.7%. All Ministers report to the Chief Minister, who is the Chief Executive. Indo-Scythians refers to Scythians (or Sakas), Iranian equestrian tribes who migrated into central and northern South Asia during the 2nd century BC to the 4th century AD. The province is the breadbasket of the country as well as home to the largest ethnic group in Pakistan, the Punjabis. The tile-work of Emperor Shah Jahan is of a richer and more elaborate nature. [24] Several UNESCO World Heritage Sites are located in Punjab, including the Shalimar Gardens, the Lahore Fort, the archaeological excavations at Taxila, and the Rohtas Fort.[25]. By the 1900s Western Punjab was predominantly Muslim and supported the Muslim League and Pakistan Movement. [92] Various literary festivals and fairs are organised in many places. The most famous Indo-Greek ruler was Menander (Milinda). The Vedic civilisation flourished along the length of the Indus River. The results show that unemployment and population density have a positive impact on crime rate among the districts of Punjab, Pakistan. According to the Government of Pakistan's National Database and Registration Authority (NADRA), there were 6,146 Sikhs registered in Pakistan in 2012. ... Population Census. This number came from a report that was published by the World Bank in 2012. It not only encourages and patronises agricultural products and livestock through the exhibitions of agricultural products and cattle but is also a colourful documentary on the rich cultural heritage of the province with its strong rural roots. [20] The founder of the Sikh faith, Guru Nanak, was born in the Punjab town of Nankana Sahib near Lahore. The pictured wall of Lahore Fort is the last line in the tile-work in the entire world. Pakistan (Hindi: पाकिस्तान, Urdu: پاکستان) is a country located in South Asia, while its western provinces are contiguous with Central Asia and the Middle East. 1951; reprint 1989), Gazetteer of the Bombay Presidency ..., Volume 1, Part 1-page-11, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, For a detailed account of the battle fought, see Chapter VI of, Mortimer, Edward, Faith and Power, (1982), p.68-70. Most are settled in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa followed by Sindh and Punjab. Temperature goes down as low as 40 °F (4 °C). The Khewra Salt Mine is a tourist attraction. [51] Only Mir Painda Khan was able to maintain his independence at Tanawal in Hazara from the Sikh Empire. The number of textile units is 14,820. 2.13%. Punjabi is the provincial language of Punjab but is not given any official recognition in the Constitution of Pakistan at the national level. Punjabiscomprise the largest ethnic group of Punjab. 1998, 2017 census In ancient and the medieval era, before the arrival of Islam into the Indian subcontinent, Hinduism and Buddhism were the predominant religions in the Punjab region. This led to massive rioting as both sides committed atrocities against fleeing refugees. 6. Alam Lohar has made significant contributions to folklore and Punjabi literature, by being a very influential Punjabi folk singer from 1930 until 1979. In Pakistan, Punjab includes the Punjab province and parts of Azad Kashmir and the Islamabad Capital Territory. Population Profile Punjab; Punjab District Wise Population Census 2017; Punjab Demographic Indicators and Projections; Punjab Development Statistics 2016; Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey 2014 Key Findings; District Tables; List of Indicators; Pakistan Demographic and Health Survey 2012 - 2013; Pakistan Demographic and Health Survey 2017 - 2018 In 1758 Raghunath Rao, the general of the Hindu Maratha Empire, conquered Lahore and Attock. The Indo-Greeks were involved with local faiths, particularly with Buddhism, but also with Hinduism'. It is the second-largest city in Pakistan, after Karachi, and the 18th largest in the world. The Mughals left an indelible mark on the landscape of Punjab from 1556 to 1739 by commissioning the construction of great gardens, forts, tombs, baths and mosques such as the Shalimar Gardens,[45] Lahore Fort, Tomb of Jahangir, Tomb of Nur Jahan, Shahi Hammam, Akbari Sarai, Wazir Khan Mosque, and the Badshahi Mosque, all situated in Lahore, as well as arsuch as Hiran Minar and others elsewhere in Punjab. The population of Punjab (Pakistan) is estimated to be between 85%-95% Muslim with a Sunni majority and Shia minority (The the Pakistani Government doesn't keep track of religious demographics). The Johansen cointegration method has been applied for examining the relationship among variables. Classical music forms, such as Pakistani classical music, are an important part of the cultural wealth of the Punjab. The Punjab region thereafter became an important region of learning and culture in the eastern Islamic world attracting scholars, artisans and poets. The language used the Kharosthi script, which died out about the 4th century. Only a few monthly literary magazines constitute Punjabi press in Pakistan". "Punjabi in schools: Pro-Punjabi outfits in Pakistan threaten hunger strike". Punjab is the most populous province of Pakistan. Punjab es un provincia in li nord-ost de Pakistan in Asia.Li provincia Punjab es li provincia con li max mult habitantes de Pakistan, mem plu quam li demí del tot population de Pakistan habita in li Punjab.. Secun un estimation li provincia Punjab have 91.379.615 (2011) habitantes e un territoria de 205.344 quadrat-kilometres. Commonly called Pindi, the city is located 9 miles from Islamabad, and it's the 4th most populous urban area in Pakistan. "Rally for Ending the 150-year-old Ban on Education in Punjabi", A PricewaterhouseCoopers study released in 2009, surveying the 2008 GDP of the top cities in the world, calculated Faisalabad's GDP (PPP) at $35 billion. The fairs and festivals of Punjab reflect the entire gamut of its folk life and cultural traditions. Six years later, the British East India Company declared war and, after, two wars, Punjab was annexed by the British. Rawalpindi (Punjab, Pakistan): population 3.25 million. [62], Punjab has the lowest poverty rates in Pakistan, although a divide is present between the northern and southern parts of the province. Most areas in Punjab experience extreme weather with foggy winters, often accompanied by rain. As such, the population … In the composition of classical ragas, there are such masters as Malika-i-Mauseequi (Queen of Music) Roshan Ara Begum, Ustad Amanat Ali Khan, Salamat Ali Khan and Ustad Fateh Ali Khan. [19] Its human development index rankings are high relative to the rest of Pakistan. There are only two daily newspapers published in Punjabi in the Central areas of Punjab. It was then that the start of a Punjabi Sikh Empire began. A big fair/mela is organised at Jandiala Sher Khan in district Sheikhupura on the mausoleum of Syed Waris Shah who is the most loved Sufi poet of Punjab due to his classic work, Heer Ranjha. The Punjab in 1920s – A Case study of Muslims, Zarina Salamat, Royal Book Company. [81] In 2007, Punjab achieved a growth rate of 7.8%[82] and during the period 2002–03 to 2007–08, its economy grew at a rate of between 7% to 8% per year. With Northern and Central Punjab facing much lower levels of poverty than Western and Southern Punjab. Community in India hardcover native Punjabi-populated city in the world Territory, Pakistan ): population: 5.28.... Eventually evolved into the area other populated states of India India Company declared war and, after,. Who were very skilful in war state population was estimated to be largest! Of Islam also brought many settlers from Kashmir, the population density the! 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