Published in volume 95, issue 5, pages 1492-1524 of American Economic Review, December 2005, Abstract: We develop a positive theory of the adoption of child labor laws. The Industrial Revolution was a major event in world history and had a profound effect on societies around the world. The Macroeconomics of Child Labor Regulation by Matthias Doepke and Fabrizio Zilibotti. These organizations employed flexible methods in the face of slow progress. many of the causes of child labor. Nearly 1 in 10 children across the globe (around 152 million) are subjected to child labour, almost half of whom are in hazardous forms of work. ii. The high level of unemployment and the problem of poverty in developing countries are the primary cause of child labor. Causes of Child Labor in Nigeria: Social and Economic Factors. Especially in The main causes of child labor include poverty, unemployment, and excess population. In this post, we take a look at the causes of child labor in Nigeria. Supply needs and industry demand for cheap, unskilled labor are some of the leading causes of child labor. Workers who compete with children … As per the statistics of U.N. in the year 2005, over 1/4 th of the people globally are living below the poverty line. In other words, we are considering the socio-economic factors responsible for the prevalence of child labor in Nigeria. The Impact of Child Labor on Economic Growth You must have observed that poor families have more number of children, so it becomes very difficult for them to survive on the income of only one family member which is also quite less. 2. Economic hardship exacts a toll on millions of families worldwide – and in some places, it comes at the price of a child’s physical safety. Causes of Child Labor in Africa Africa has often been described as a rising continent owing to the strong economic performance of some of her member states. Change Care Foundation is an international community-based non-profit, delivering humanitarian and development programs. The most important causes of child labour are poverty and unemployment of children’s parents. Causes of Child Labour. Nawaz (1993) concluded that children in their childhood need love, affection, understanding, security, education and good socialization, however, poor economic conditions compel them to do hard labour. Child labour; the effect on child, causes and remedies to the revolving menace 1 Introduction For many years, child labour has been one of the biggest obstacles to social development. These children are forced to commit commercial sex acts, forced into a system of domestic servitude or employed in occupations that are mentally, physically, socially and morally harmful. Among these, poverty is the primary cause of child labour. We use the capacity building to help reduce poverty in Africa. It is a challenge and long-term goal in many countries to abolish all forms of child labour. The following are the various causes of child labor: i. • The worst forms of child labour :This encompasses all forms of slavery or similar practices such as forced labour, trafficking, debt bondage, serfdom.It also includes illicit activities and/or activities likely to endanger the safety, health, and morals of children, such as prostitution, pornography, forced or compulsory recruitment for armed conflict, drug trafficking, etc. Policy may evolve endogenously with development to discourage child labor, or policy may explicitly hast en the decline in child labor. The National Child Labor Committee, organized in 1904, and state child labor committees led the charge. Either way, there is ample reason to view child labor as an important issue in the broader discussion of sustainable development. Children may be driven into work for various reasons. 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